Cultural Studies

🌟 Names and Naming in Islam: Reflection of Faith
Discover the cultural and religious significance of names and naming in the Islamic tradition. Analyze how names shape identity and reflect parental faith and societal values.
🤝 Exploring MUṢĀFAḤAH (مصافحة‎): The Art of Handshaking in Islam
Dive into Muṣāfaḥah (مصافحة‎), the Islamic custom of shaking hands, understanding its religious significance, cultural variations, and the spirituality embedded in this simple yet profound gesture.
🧼 T̤UHR (طهر‎): Exploring the Period of Purity in Muslim Women
Dive deep into the concept of T̤uhr, the period of purity in a woman's life in Islam. Explore its significance, cultural practices, and nuances in Islamic jurisprudence and everyday life.
✋ Salaam: The Essence of Peace in Islamic Tradition
Dive into the rich history and significance of Salaam, a term embodying peace and safety. Discover its profound impact within Islamic culture and parallels with other salutations across different faiths.
🌍 Unveiling Central Asia’s Islamic Tapestry: A Historical Odyssea
Dive into the rich and complex history of Islam in Central Asia. From early conquests to the influence of Sufi brotherhoods, discover how Islam has shaped the cultural and social fabric of this region.
🔮 Decoding Sihr: Islamic Perspectives on Sorcery (Magic) 🌙
Dive into the mystical and often controversial world of Sihr (sorcery or magic) in Islamic theology. Understand its origins, regulations, cultural imprints, and compare it with perspectives from other religious traditions.
👥 Exploring ḤĀRIS̤ (حارث‎): Unveiling a Name Through Time
Dive into the world of ḤĀRIS̤ (حارث‎), a common name among early Islamic companions. Discover the historical and cultural significance of this name, including notable figures who bore it.
🔖 Understanding NICKNAME (نبز‎) in Islam: Forbidden Terms
Learn about the Islamic perspective on nicknames, known as 'nabaz' (نبز‎). Discover its etymology, background, cultural variations, and the scriptural guidance against it in the Qurʾān.
🏋️‍♂️ Discovering the Zurkhaneh: Iran's Ancient Gymnasium
Dive into the unique world of the Zurkhaneh, an ancient Iranian gymnasium dedicated to strength, ethics, and culture. Learn about the history, cultural significance, and practices that define this time-honored institution.
🕰 The Enigmatic Nebuchadnezzar: Historical & Cultural Perspectives
Delve deep into the life and reign of Nebuchadnezzar II, also known as Bukht Nassar, the illustrious Babylonian king whose rule has been chronicled in both historical texts and religious scriptures. Explore his impact on history, culture, and his enduring legacy.
✨ Understanding ALLĀHU AKBAR: Exploring the Majesty Behind 'God is Great'
Delve into the profound significance of the phrase ALLĀHU AKBAR (الله اكبر‎), a central exclamation in Islamic worship, daily life, and practices, translating to 'God is great.' Understand its deep cultural roots and its use in various contexts.
✨ Understanding BĀʿŪS̤: A Deep Dive into Syriac Prayers and Petitions 🙏
Explore the term BĀʿŪS̤ (باعوث‎), its etymology, cultural significance, and its unique place within both Syriac and Islamic traditions. Learn about its uses in Christian and Islamic contexts, including its connections with Easter and prayers for rain.
👰 Exploring JIHĀZ (جهاز‎): The Islamic Wedding Trousseau and Burial Shroud
Delve into the rich cultural and religious significance of JIHĀZ in Islam, encompassing both the wedding trousseau of a bride and the shroud for a deceased Muslim. Understand its dual meaning and the importance ascribed to these practices in Islamic communities.
🏙️ Al-Baldah: The City of Makkah in Islamic Tradition 🌟
Explore Al-Baldah, an evocative term used in Islamic Hadith to refer to the city of Makkah, the spiritual heart of the Islamic faith. Uncover its etymology, cultural significance, and its revered status among Muslims worldwide.
🏞️ The Essence of Kelantan: An Islamic Enclave in Malaysia
Discover Kelantan, a bastion of Malay and Islamic culture in northeastern Malaysia. Learn about its historical significance, political dynamics, and its role in the ambition of Partai Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS) to establish an Islamic state.
🌍 AJNABĪ (اجنبى): The Concept of the Foreigner in Islam
Delve into the term 'Ajnabī', originating from the Arabic designation of 'foreigner', and understand its role and implications within Islamic cultures and societies. Compare and contrast its conceptualization with similar terms across different languages and traditions.
🌟 Unraveling GABR (گبر‎): The 💠 Islamic and Historical Perspectives
Explore the term Gabr (گبر‎), its etymology, historical context, cultural differences, and its implications within Islamic discourse. Gain a well-rounded understanding through comparative analysis and notable literature quotes.
🎶 Nusrat, Fateh Ali Khan: The Iconic Voice of Qawwali 🎤
Dive deep into Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan's journey, his contribution to the traditional Sufi music genre, and the global influence he had on both qawwali and pop music.
🎶 The Enchanting World of Ghazal: Poetic Brilliance in Persian Tradition
Delve into the beautiful artistry of Ghazal, a poetic form cherished in Persian and other cultural traditions. Learn about its structure, historical context, and impact on literature and music.
😂 The Essence of Ẓiḥk: Unraveling Laughter in Islamic Context
Delve into the concept of laughter, or ẓiḥk (ضحك‎) in Arabic, within Islamic traditions and teachings. Explore its significance, cultural perceptions, and the balance promoted by Prophet Muhammad's example.
🍽️ Unveiling T̤AʿĀM (طعام‎): Food in Islamic Culture and Beyond
Explore the cultural, religious, and social significance of T̤AʿĀM (طعام‎), the term for food in Islam. Understand its etymology, spiritual dimensions, and varying cultural interpretations across the Muslim world.
📿 Exploring Subḥah: The Islamic Rosary 🌙
Discover the Subḥah, the Islamic rosary used for counting the names and attributes of God. Dive into its history, cultural significance, and connections to other religious traditions.
🤗 The Essence of Mizāḥ (مزاح‎) in Islam: Unveiling the Art of Joking
Delve into the concept of Mizāḥ (مزاح‎), or joking, in Islam. Discover its significance in the Prophetic tradition, underscoring how humor balances respect and compassion. Uncover cultural nuances and pivotal quotes from notable scholars.
🧔 The Significance of LIḤYAH (لحية‎): Understanding the Islamic Perspective on Beard
Explore LIḤYAH (لحية‎), the concept of the beard in Islam, covering its religious importance, cultural variations, and the wisdom behind the practice. Understand how the beard is perceived in different Islamic traditions and its numerous implications on faith and identity.
🧿 The Girdle (nit̤āq نطاق‎) in Islamic Mysticism: The Sacred Belt
Explore the nit̤āq (نطاق‎), or girdle, as a sacred symbol in Islam, particularly amongst Sufi orders like the Bak͟htāshīs. Discover its historical roots, spiritual significance, and cultural differences.
🎉 Mawlid al-Nabi: Celebrating the Birth of the Prophet Muhammad
Explore the significance of Mawlid al-Nabi, the celebration of the Prophet Muhammad's birthday. Understand its history, varying cultural practices, and differing perspectives within the Muslim world.
🌟 MIḤJAN (محجن‎): The Prophet’s Symbolic Staff
Explore the significance of the term Miḥjan (محجن‎), a hook-headed stick historically associated with the Prophet Muhammad and carried by men of religious importance in Islamic tradition.
🎩 The Significance of the Turban (ʿimāmah): A Cultural and Religious Perspective
Dive into the complexities of the turban (ʿimāmah) in Islamic and Middle Eastern contexts. Learn about its etymology, historical background, cultural differences, symbolic meanings, and its presence in other faith traditions.
🔍 Understanding LAḤD: The 🕋 Islamic Grave Design Explained
Dive into the concept of LAḤD (لحد‎), the unique Islamic grave design. Learn about its significance, construction methods, cultural variations, and theological meaning, and compare it with burial practices in other traditions.
🌍 Insights into MILLET: The Ottoman System of Religious Communities
Discover the concept of 'Millet,' an Ottoman system that encapsulated religious diversity by allowing various religious communities autonomy within the empire. Explore its historical significance, cultural impacts, and contemporary relevance.
🌙 Understanding Menstruation in Islam: Perspectives and Practices
Explore the Islamic perspective on menstruation (maḥīẓ) and its associated practices and implications for women's religious activities. Learn about its significance in Islamic culture and theology.
🌟 AL-MADĪNAH (المدينة‎): The City of the Prophet 🌟
Dive into the rich history, significance, and cultural nuances of al-Madīnah, the revered city in Islam where Prophet Muhammad is buried, and learn about its evolution from Yas̤rib to the City of the Prophet.
💎 Understanding MAHR: The 💍 Islamic Concept of Dower
Explore the significance of Mahr, the Islamic concept of dower, as an essential component of the marriage contract in Islamic law. Understand its historical context, legal interpretations, cultural variations, and practical implications.
🛡️ Discovering AN-NĀJIYAH (الناجية‎): The Saved Ones in Islam
An in-depth exploration of An-Nājiyah, a term rooted in Islamic tradition representing 'The Saved.' Delve into its significance within different sects of Islam, its etymology, and cultural influences.
🧑‍💼 Decoding K͟HWĀJAH: The Persian Synonym for Gentleman
Dive deep into the meaning, etymology, and cultural significance of 'K͟HWĀJAH' (خواجه‎), a term used to denote a rich or respectable man in Persian and broader Islamic context. Understand its historical importance and contemporary usage.
🧵 Discovering the ZUNNĀR (زنار‎): The Symbolic Belt in Different Cultures
Explore the term Zunnār (زنار‎) - a symbolic belt worn by Christians and Jews in Persia, and by Brahmins in India. Learn about its significance and varied meanings, including its interpretation within Ṣūfī traditions.
✦ Unveiling the Meaning of 'Ayb': Honor and Shame in Islamic Culture and Beyond
Discover the etymology, cultural significance, and multifaceted meanings of 'Ayb' across different Muslim communities. Delve into its historical context and impactful connotations in society.
🌸 Islamic Perspectives on Sexuality: Balancing Desire and Faith 🌙
Delve into the nuanced understanding of sexuality within Islam, exploring its rules, significance, and the balance it seeks to maintain between spiritual faith and human desires. Recognize the interplay between traditional views and contemporary attitudes.
🎉 The Essence of Nikah: Unveiling Islamic Matrimony 💍
Delve into Nikah, the sacred Islamic institution of marriage, exploring its religious, cultural, and social dimensions. Understand its significance, the etymology of the term, and how it compares with matrimonial practices in other cultures.
✨ Sacred Relics: The 🌟 Spiritual Emblems in Islam
Delve into the profound world of Islamic relics, their significance in devotional practices, and the cultural and theological debates surrounding their veneration.
🌆 Unveiling the MINARET (منارة): Architectural Symbol and Spiritual Beacon
Journey through the history, meaning, and cultural significance of the Minaret, an iconic element of Islamic architecture. Discover its roles and representation across different Muslim societies.
🌍 Unveiling Sham: The Spiritual Roots and Cultural Riches of Syria 🕌
Delve into the historical and spiritual significance of Sham, the ancient Arabic name for Syria. Explore its multifaceted identity, archaeological marvels, and cultural contributions to Islamic civilization.
🌟 Decoding ĀK͟HŪNDZĀDAH: The Respectful Title for Scholars' Descendants
Explore the term ĀK͟HŪNDZĀDAH, a title of respect given to the sons or descendants of celebrated religious teachers in Islamic culture. Understand its significance, etymology, and cultural nuances.
🌟 QIBT̤Ī (قبطى‎): The Copts - Custodians of an Ancient Heritage
Delve into the history, culture, and significance of the QIBT̤Ī, the Coptic Christians of Egypt. Learn about their unique position in Islamic history and their enduring legacy.
🌟 TAMĪM (تميم‎): The Influential Arab Tribe
Discover the history and significance of the Tamīm tribe, an independent Arab tribe of Makkan origin, known for their valiant contributions during the battles of Makkah and Ḥunain.
🎉 The Importance of ʿĪd : Exploring Islamic Feast Days
Discover the significance, history, and celebrations of Islamic feast days, with a focus on ʿĪd al-Fiṭr and ʿĪd al-Aḍḥā, and other notable festivities in the Islamic calendar.
🎭 Understanding TAZIYAH: The 🌙 Shii Passion Play
Dive deep into Taziyah, the Shii passion play that reenacts the tragic martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali. Explore its historical significance, cultural impact, and performative elements.
🏡 HOUSES, Permission to Enter: Insights into Istiʾẕān (استئذان‎)
Discover the importance of seeking permission before entering others' houses in Islam. Learn about istiʾẕān (استئذان‎) and explore its Qur'anic references and Hadith. Understand Middle Eastern cultural norms and Islamic etiquette in accessing private spaces.
🏰 Exploring 'Kanisah': Places of Worship in Islam and Beyond
Dive into the term 'Kanisah', encompassing places of worship for Christians, Jews, and other non-Muslims, and discover its linguistic, cultural, and historical dimensions.
👑 Understanding SHĀHINSHĀH (شاهنشاه‎): The 'King of Kings' in Persian Tradition
Dive into the term SHĀHINSHĀH (شاهنشاه‎), exploring its historical significance in Persian culture, its prohibition in Islamic tradition, and the theological implications of this majestic title.
💔 Janazah: Navigating the Rites of Islamic Funerals
Delve into the rites and rituals associated with Janazah, the Islamic funeral prayer and its customs. Understand its significance, traditions, and the cultural nuances that usually accompany Islamic obsequies.
💡 Understanding RAQABAH (رقبة‎): From Captivity to Freedom
Dive into the concept of Raqabah—originally meaning 'the neck' or 'a captive slave' in the Qurʾān and its multi-faceted roles in cultural contexts, particularly in India.
💧 Exploring Māʾ (ماء‎): The Vital Essence of Water in Islam
Discover water (māʾ), a fundamental concept in Islam. Learn about its types, significance, and legal aspects in purification, drinking, and irrigation practices. Delve into its rich theological and cultural background.
📜 Delving into the Tatar Identity: Muslim Turkic Peoples of Russia 📚
Discover the rich history and cultural significance of the Tatars, a Turkic ethnic group primarily practicing Islam. Dive into their conversion, etymology, and influence in Russian history.
📜 The Tale of MUQAUQIS (مقوقس‎): The Roman Viceroy of Egypt
Discover the fascinating story of Muqauqis, the Roman Viceroy of Egypt who had interactions with Prophet Muhammad. Understand his role in early Islamic history and the cultural exchange that ensued.
🔮 Unveiling ʿIlmu ʾS-Siḥr: The Science of Magic in Islam
Embark on a thought-provoking journey to understand ʿIlmu ʾS-Siḥr, the Islamic concept of the science of magic, its etymology, cultural impact, and theological implications.
🔮 Zodiac in Islamic Tradition: The Heavenly Towers 🌌
Dive into the concept of the Zodiac in Islamic tradition with Arabic 'mint̤aqatu ʾl-burūj' (منطقة الــبــروج‎), exploring its significance in the Qurʾān and cultural parallels.
😞 Al-Mourning: Islamic Rituals of Loss and Grief
Examine the dynamics of mourning in Islam, including the prescribed periods, cultural customs, and religious teachings. Understand how different communities engage in this poignant practice.
😭 Understanding NAUḤAH (نوحة‎): The Islamic Concept of Lamentations for the Dead
Explore the concept of Nauḥah, the Islamic tradition of lamentations for the deceased, and understand its religious guidelines, roots in culture, and variant practices within different Muslim communities.
🙏 Understanding NIYĀZ-I-ALLĀH: Persian Offerings in the Name of God
Explore the Persian term NIYĀZ-I-ALLĀH (نياز الله‎), which signifies offerings made in the name of God. Learn its etymology, cultural aspects, and significance in Islamic charity.
🚫 Understanding KHINZĪR: The Islamic Prohibition of Pork
Dive deep into the cultural, theological, and historical significances of the term 'Khinzīr' (خنزير‎) in Islam. Discover how its mention in the Qurʾān and Hadith guide the dietary laws for Muslims globally.
🚰 ṢALĀTU ʾL-ISTISQĀʾ: The 🕌 Islamic Rain-Seeking Prayer
Explore Ṣalātu ʾl-Istisqāʾ, the special prayer in Islam invoked for rain during times of drought. Understand its importance, process, and historical roots in Islamic tradition, along with comparisons to similar practices in other cultures.
🍽️ Navigating ḤALĀL (حلال‎): Embracing Lawful Living in Islam
Dive deep into the principles of Ḥalāl (حلال‎) in Islam, exploring its etymological roots, religious significance, cultural impacts, and how it shapes daily lives. Compare with contrasting concepts and expand your understanding of halal living.
🏜️ Unveiling BADAWĪ: The Virtue of Desert Dwellers
Dive into the life and culture of the Bedouins, the desert-dwelling Arabs, through the lens of the term 'Badawī' (بدوى‎). Understand the profound impact of these resilient communities on Islamic history and their essence in Arabic culture.
👁️ Understanding ʿAyn (عين‎): The Multifaceted Concept of Eyes in Islam
Dive into the comprehensive and multifaceted concept of ʿAyn (عين‎) or eyes in Islamic tradition, reflecting on cultural, legal, and symbolic meanings encompassing justice, protection, and insight.
🕌 Significance of JUMʿAH (جمعة‎): The Holiest Day in Islam
Delve into the meaning, practices, and significance of Jumʿah, the Islamic holy day of Friday. Understand its impact on the lives of Muslims, its roots in Islamic tradition, and the variations in its observance across the Muslim world.
🕌🌍 Exploring the Moors: The Muḥammadan Conquerors of Spain
Dive into the captivating history of the Moors, Muslim conquerors from North Africa who had a profound impact on Spain's history, culture, and geography.
🧩 Discovering Imru al-Qays: The Wandering King of Pre-Islamic Poetry
Explore the life and legacy of Imru al-Qays, the pre-Islamic Arab poet, and the spirit behind the first of the Muallaqat. Understand his journey as the 'wandering king' dedicated to avenging his father's murder and gain insight into his impact on Arabic literature.
✝️ Christianity and Islam: Intersection and Coexistence 🕋
Explore the historical relations, cultural exchanges, and the evolution of Christianity and Islam through centuries. Understand how the two religions influenced each other and the world around them.
✨ Understanding Sharif: The Essence of Nobility in Islam
Explore the term 'Sharif' and its significance in the Islamic tradition. Understand its etymology, historical background, cultural nuances, and religious importance.
🌍 Islam in Turkmenistan: Tradition and Modernity
A deep dive into the history, cultural impact, and current dynamics of Islam in Turkmenistan, exploring its evolution from Soviet control to contemporary practice.
🌍 Understanding Land in Islamic Law: A Study of Arz (ارض‎)
Dive into the intricate rules and regulations of land in Islamic law, known as Arz (ارض‎), exploring concepts such as tithes, conquered lands, religious appropriations, and much more.
🌙 Exploring RAJAB (رجب‎): The Honoured Month in Islam
Delve into Rajab, the seventh month of the Islamic calendar, cherished deeply even before the advent of Islam. Discover its significance, the reason for its honorific title, traditional practices, and its place in Islamic culture.
🌟 The Spiritual and Cultural Significance of Urs in Islam 🌟
Dive into the multifaceted meaning of 'Urs' in Islamic culture—ranging from marriage ceremonies to the Sufi commemoration of sainthood. Understand its roots, historical context, and cultural variations.
🌟 Understanding BURQAʿ (برقع‎): The Traditional Islamic Veil
Dive deep into the historical, cultural, and religious significance of the Burqaʿ. Understand its etymology, cultural variations, and related concepts within the Islamic context of modesty and women's dress code.
🌹 Understanding Rubai: The 💫 Art of Four-Lined Lyrical Expression
Dive deep into the rubai, a lyrical and subjective form of poetic writing found in Arabic, Persian, and Turkish traditions, most famously exemplified in Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat.
🎨 Islamic Perspectives on Pictures: Religious and Cultural Insights
Understanding the Islamic stance on painting and drawing living beings through scriptural references and scholarly interpretations, shaped by cultural contexts.
🏰 Al-Andalus: A Legacy of Muslim Spain
Dive into the rich history and legacy of al-Andalus, the region in the Iberian Peninsula governed by Muslims from 711 to 1492. Discover its cultural and intellectual contributions to the world.
🏰 Granada: The Last Muslim Stronghold in Western Europe
An exploration of Granada, a significant historical city that represented the last bastion of Muslim rule in Western Europe. Delve into its rich history, cultural impact, and legacy in both Islamic and Western traditions.
🐇 Contemplating Cultural Perspectives on the Hare in Islam
Delve into the varied perspectives on consuming hare meat within different cultures and religions. Learn how this intersects with Islamic teachings and discover the historical, theological, and cultural nuances around this forbidden or accepted practice.
👑 Unveiling TĀJ (تاج‎): The Symbolic Crown in Islamic Culture
Delve into the concept of TĀJ (تاج‎) in Islamic thought, its role in Sufi traditions, and its distinction from regal crowns in Islamic history. Understand its cultural significance and explore fascinating insights.
💫 Discovering Mawlawi Tariqah: The ⏳ Mystic Whirling Dervishes
Dive deep into the history, practice, and cultural significance of the Mawlawi Tariqah, famously known for the whirling dervishes. Explore the traditions rooted in Sufi mysticism established by the descendants of Jalal al-Din Rumi.
💬 The Art of Islamic Conversation: Principles and Etiquette
Explore the principles and etiquette of speaking within an Islamic context. Understand how cultural values, faith, and ethics shape meaningful conversations.
📚🕌 ISESCO: Bridging Education, Science, and Culture in the Islamic World
Discover the role and impact of the Islamic Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) in promoting education, scientific research, and cultural heritage among Islamic nations. Explore its history, objectives, and collaborations.
📜 Akbar I, Abu al-Fath Jalal al-Din Muhammad: The Synthesizer of Empire and Faith 🌟
Unfold the life and legacy of Akbar I, a visionary Mughal emperor who harmonized diversity in administration and culture, laying down the principles that would shape a unique Islamic civilization in South Asia.
📜 Discovering LIWĀʾ: The 🌟 Islamic Banner
Dive into the concept of Liwāʾ, the Islamic term for a banner or standard. Understand its cultural, historical, and theological significance within Islamic traditions.

Islamic Terms Lexicon is your ultimate resource for understanding the vast and intricate world of Islamic doctrines, rites, ceremonies, customs, and technical & theological terms. Our comprehensive dictionary provides thousands of terms in both English and Arabic, each with detailed definitions, authoritative references, and quizzes designed to sharpen your understanding and enhance your learning experience.

Amina Al-Fahad Ibrahim Al-Hakim Ibrahim Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Hassan Hassan Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Hassan Fatima Al-Zahra Yusuf Al-Hakim Layla Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Mansur Layla Hassan Zainab Al-Rashid Fatima Zahra Layla Al-Hassan Zayd Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Yusuf Layla Hasan Yusuf Al-Mahdi Yusuf Al-Rashid Dr. Layla Hassan Fatima Al-Husseini Harun Al-Rashid Ibrahim Malik Layla Ahmed Mustafa Al-Hakim Ahmad Al-Rashid Hakim Al-Rashid Hasan Al-Rashid Hassan Al-Hakim Hassan Al-Tamimi Ibrahim Al-Hakeem Ibrahim Al-Hashimi Ibrahim Al-Hussein Ibrahim Al-Karim Ibrahim Al-Khalil Ibrahim Al-Yazid Ibrahim Mustafa Khalid Al-Mansoor Omar Al-Hakim Omar Al-Rashid Samira Al-Hakim Tariq Al-Hakim Yusuf Al-Mansur Zainab Malik Zaynab Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Hussein Ahmad Al-Hakim Fatima Ahmed Fatima Al-Husayni Fatima Al-Hussein Fatima Al-Mansouri Fatima El-Amin Fatima El-Sayed Fatima Rahman Fatima Rahmani Fatima Siddiqui Fatimah Al-Rashid Fatimah Zahra Hassan Al-Mansur Hassan Al-Razi Ibrahim Al-Husseini Ibrahim Al-Khatib Ibrahim Al-Mahdi Ibrahim Al-Mansoor Ibrahim Al-Mansour Ibrahim Al-Mansouri Ibrahim Al-Najjar Ibrahim Hassan Ibrahim Khalid Ibrahim Suleiman Khalid Al-Rashid Layla Al-Hakim Layla Al-Hashimi Layla Al-Mansoori Layla Al-Mansouri Layla Mahmoud Layla Mustafa Layla Rahman Tariq Al-Mansur Yasmin Al-Hassan Yasmin Al-Rashid Yusuf Al-Mansoor Yusuf Ibn Khalid Zara Ahmed Zaynab Hassan Ahmed Al-Hakim Aisha Ahmed Aisha Al-Hassan Aisha Rahman Aliyah Rahman Farah Al-Zahra Fatima Al-Habib Fatima Al-Hariri Fatima Al-Hassani Fatima Al-Mahmoud Fatima Al-Najjar Fatima Al-Qadri Fatima Anwar