Islamic Jurisprudence

🩸 Understanding BLOOD in Islamic Jurisprudence: Unlawfulness of Blood Sale
Dive into the concept of blood in Islamic law, exploring why the sale of blood is considered unlawful according to traditional jurisprudence and ethical perspectives.
🕵️‍♂️🌟 Exploring ISTIḤSĀN (استحسان‎): Balancing Tradition and Expediency in Islamic Jurisprudence
Discover the concept of Istiḥsān, an Islamic jurisprudential term referring to the preference for ease and practicality over strict analogy (Qiyās). Learn about its etymology, background, cultural nuances, and significance in Islamic legal thought.
🎲 Exploring AL-MAISIR (الميسر‎): The Islamic Perspective on Gambling
Dive deep into the concept of Al-Maisir (الميسر‎), the Islamic term for gambling and games of chance, forbidden in the Qurʾān. Understand its etymology, religious context, cultural differences, and its broader implications in contemporary society.
📜 Decoding K͟HIYĀR: Exploring the Islamic Concept of Contractual Options
Dive into K͟HIYĀR (خيار‎), a crucial term in Islamic jurisprudence. Understand its types, origins, and application in trade and negotiations within the Islamic tradition.
📜 Understanding NĀSIK͟H (ناسخ‎): The Concept of Abrogation in Islam
Explore the concept of Nāsi​kḥ, which pertains to the abrogation of certain verses or sentences in the Qurʾān or Ḥadīs̤. Learn its significance and implications in Islamic jurisprudence and theology.
📜 The Sunnī Law of Divorce: A Closer Look
Delve into the comprehensive aspects of the Sunnī law of divorce, touching on its history, kinds, and the interpretations of notable scholars. Understand the multifaceted regulations that govern the dissolution of marriage in Sunni Islamic jurisprudence.
📜 Understanding TAQLĪD (تقليد‎): Tradition vs Independent Reasoning in Islam
Dive into the multifaceted concept of Taqlīd, exploring traditions of following religious leaders, its significance in Islamic jurisprudence, cultural nuances, and intellectual discourse around independent reasoning.
🌿 Understanding NAJĀSAH: The Concept of Impurity in Islam
Dive into the Islamic legal concept of Najāsah, highlighting its importance, various forms, and its impact on everyday Muslim practices. Understand its significance in Islamic life and compare it with other religious conceptions of impurity.
👩‍👧‍👦 Understanding ḤIẒĀNAH: The 🕌 Islamic Concept of Child Custody
Explore the Islamic concept of ḥiẓānah, the custody rights of a mother over her children, as a critical element in Islamic family law. Understand its application among different Islamic schools of thought and its cultural significance.
👶 Fosterage (Raẓāʿah) in Islam: Nurturing Bonds Beyond Blood
Delve into the Islamic concept of raẓāʿah or fosterage, which imparts legal and social boundaries through nursing. Understand its roots, implications, and the diversity in scholarly opinions.
💭 Exploring MAKRUH: Actions to Avoid in Islamic Law
Dive into the concept of Makruh in Islamic jurisprudence, exploring its significance, origins, cultural relevance, and how it integrates within the framework of Islamic law.
💰 Understanding NIṢĀB (نصاب‎): The Threshold for Zakat in Islam
Dive deep into the concept of NIṢĀB (نصاب‎), the minimum threshold of wealth one must possess before being obliged to pay Zakat. Discover its significance in Islamic jurisprudence and cultural contexts.
📚 Discovering Mandub: The 🌟 Recommended Actions in Islam
Dive into the meaning of Mandub, one of Islam's five actions classifications. Learn about its significance, context, and its synonyms and explore cultural and theological backgrounds.
🔍 Understanding Ibn Hazm: The Zahiri Literalist 🕌
Dive into the life and contributions of Ibn Hazm, an Andalusian jurist and theologian whose work in comparative religion and Zahiri literalism significantly shaped Islamic thought.
🔍 Understanding WADĪʿAH: The 🏦 Islamic Concept of Deposit
Explore Wadīʿah, the Islamic concept of deposit, which signifies a thing entrusted to another for safekeeping. Understand its legal significance in Islamic jurisprudence and the ethical principles guiding trusteeship.
🔗 Understanding Asīr: The Islamic Perspective on Captives
Delve into the concept of 'Asīr' in Islamic jurisprudence, exploring the historical and theological background of captives in wartime scenarios. Understand the significance of these rulings and how they evolved over time.
🧬 Understanding ʿILMU ʾL-FARĀʾIẒ: The 🕌 Islamic Law of Inheritance
Explore the concept of ʿILMU ʾL-FARĀʾIẒ, the Islamic Law of Inheritance, and its implications on family and society. Compare and contrast its principles with those of other legal systems.
🧭 DISCOVERING MAḤJŪR (محجور‎): Understanding Restrictions on Slaves in Islamic Jurisprudence
Dive into the Islamic juridical concept of Maḥjūr (محجور‎), referring to a slave who is restricted by the ruler from holding any office or agency. Examine its place in Islamic law and its historical and contemporary implications.
📚 ABŪ ʿABDI ʾLLĀH MUḤAMMAD IBN AL-ḤASAN: A Pioneering Jurist in Islamic History
Dive deep into the life and legacy of Abū ʿAbdi ʾllāh Muḥammad Ibn al-Ḥasan, a renowned Islamic jurist known as Imām Muḥammad, who significantly contributed to Islamic jurisprudence through his studies with Imām Abū Ḥanīfah and Imām Mālik.
🔓 Understanding KAFĀLAH: The Islamic Concept of Bail
Dive into the concept of Kafālah in Islam, which encompasses different forms of bail. Explore its definitions, cultural implications, and how it is applied within Islamic jurisprudence and contrasts with the English legal system.
📜 Malik ibn Anas al-Asbahi: The Architect of the Maliki School 🕌
Discover the life and contributions of Malik ibn Anas al-Asbahi, the influential founder of the Maliki school of Islamic law. Explore his scholarly legacy and its impact on Islamic jurisprudence.
📜 Understanding Captive Enslavement in Islamic Law: Insights from the Hidāyah
Delve into the Hidāyah's perspectives on the enslavement of captives, with comprehensive analysis on the associated choices and moral implications facing the Imām in line with historical and theological perspectives.
🔍 Exploring ʿUrf: The Role of Custom in Islamic Law
Dive into the concept of ʿUrf (customary law) in Islam and its significance in legal, social, and cultural contexts. Compare it with other customary practices in the Muslim world.
📜 Unveiling Property in Sharia Law: Divine Rights and Sacred Stewardship
Dive deep into the Islamic concept of property, understood as a divinely endowed right regulated by Sharia. Learn about the boundaries placed on usage, the theological foundations, and cultural variations.
🔍 Understanding ḤAJB (حجب‎): Islamic Inheritance Law
Dive deep into the Islamic legal term ḤAJB (حجب‎), which signifies the cutting off of an heir from his portion. Discover its significance in corroborating fair inheritance in Islamic jurisprudence.
🖼️ No Images Allowed: The Islamic Perspective on Imagery
Delve into why Islam prohibits keeping images in households, based on Islamic scripture and jurisprudence, examining its significance and varied interpretations.
⚖️ Demystifying Zulm: Understanding Injustice in Islamic Context
Explore the profound term 'Zulm,' a significant concept in Islam encapsulating injustice, oppression, and wrongdoing against God, others, or oneself. Delve into its etymology, historical implications, and its role in both jurisprudence and Shia-Sunni contexts.
⚖️ The Principle of Qisas: Justice in Islamic Jurisprudence
Dive into the Islamic principle of Qisas, often translated as 'retaliation' or 'retribution,' which aims to achieve justice and balance through equivalency in punishment.
🌟 The Profound Meaning of Shahīd (شهيد‎): Witness and Martyr in Islam
Delve into the multi-faceted term 'Shahīd' (شهيد) in Islam, encompassing both witness and martyr. Understand its linguistic roots, legal and theological significance, and cultural interpretations.
🍇 BĀẔAQ or BĀẔIQ (باذق‎): The Prohibited Liquor in Islam 🌙
Uncover the concept of Bāẕaq or Bāẕiq, a prohibited grape-based liquor in Islam. Understand its origins, cultural contexts, and the rationale behind its prohibition in Islamic jurisprudence.
💡 Understanding MAKRŪH (مكروه): The Islamic Concept of Disapproved Acts
Delve into the concept of makrūh (مكروه) in Islamic law, focusing on acts that, while not strictly forbidden, are deemed disliked or inappropriate. Examine the nuances in different Islamic schools of thought and their implications in daily life.
💧 Understanding SHIRB (شرب‎): The Islamic Concept of Water Allocation
Explore SHIRB (شرب‎), the concept of water allocation in agricultural practices within Islamic tradition. Learn about its historical significance, cultural implications, and comparisons with water rights in other societies.
💼 Understanding IQĀLAH (اقالة‎): The Islamic Concept of Contract Cancellation
Discover the intricacies of IQĀLAH, the Islamic concept that deals with the cancellation or dissolution of a sale or any other contract. Grasp its legal significance, historical context, and how it compares across cultures.
📜 Delving into the Legacy of Abu al-Hasan al-Mawardi: The Scholarly Shaper of Islamic Public Law
Explore the life and works of Abu al-Hasan al-Mawardi, an influential Shafi'i jurist whose contributions to Islamic public law and political theory continue to be studied and revered. Understand his role during the transitional political landscape from the Buwayhids to the Seljuks.
📜 Exploring Ḥanafī (حنفى‎): The Legacy of an Influential Sunni School 📚
Delve into the Ḥanafī school of thought, one of the four major Sunni Islamic legal schools, founded by Imam Abū Ḥanīfah. Understand its principles, distinctions, and cultural impact within the Islamic world.
📜 Exploring Ḥanbalī Jurisprudence: The Legacy of Ibn Ḥanbal
Discover the profound impact of Ahmad ibn Ḥanbal on Islamic jurisprudence, his development of the Ḥanbalī school of thought, and his enduring legacy in Islamic legal history.
📜 Ibn al-Humam: The Polymath of Islamic Jurisprudence and Theology
Dive into the life and illustrious contributions of Ibn al-Humam, an Egyptian Hanafi jurist and theologian renowned for his diverse expertise and academic prowess. Learn about his legacy, influence on Islamic thought, and lasting impact through time.
📜 Unraveling the Wisdom of FATWĀ (فتوى‎): A Guiding Beacon in Islamic Jurisprudence
Dive into the world of Fatwā, an influential decree in Islamic law issued by a knowledgeable Muftī or Qāḍī. Investigate its role, significance, and impact within various Islamic societies and jurisprudential frameworks.
🔍 Understanding Fornication (Zina): Islamic View on Sexual Conduct
A comprehensive examination of the concept of fornication (zina) in Islam, delving into its definition, punishment, cultural variations, and historical context. Learn about the legal stipulations and moral perspectives in various Muslim societies.
🔍 Understanding SHUFʿAH (شفعة‎): The Right of Preemption in Islamic Law
Dive into the concept of Shufʿah (شفعة‎), which ensures the right of preemption in property sales in Islamic law, exploring its historical roots, cultural influences, and its place in modern contexts.
🔍 Understanding TAKLIF: The 🕌 Islamic Legal Obligation
Dive into the concept of Taklif, a legal charge or obligation, essential in Islamic jurisprudence, to comprehend who is accountable for religious duties, and under what circumstances.
🔍 Unpacking ISTISHAB: The Principle of Continuity in Islamic Jurisprudence
Dive into the concept of Istishab, an integral legal principle in Islamic law that presumes the continuation of an existing state of affairs until proven otherwise. Understand its applications in various legal matters, explore its etymology, and compare it with similar principles in other legal traditions.
🏹 Decoding SAHM (سهم‎): The Islamic Concept of Hereditary Share
Delve into the meaning and significance of SAHM (سهم‎), an integral term in Islamic inheritance law, symbolizing a portion of an estate allotted to an heir. Explore its etymology, legal implications, and cultural differences across Islamic communities.
👁️ Understanding ʿAyn (عين‎): The Multifaceted Concept of Eyes in Islam
Dive into the comprehensive and multifaceted concept of ʿAyn (عين‎) or eyes in Islamic tradition, reflecting on cultural, legal, and symbolic meanings encompassing justice, protection, and insight.
🕌 Delving into RAY: The Essence of Independent Reasoning in Islamic Law 💡
Discover Ray, an important concept in Islamic jurisprudence, which highlights independent and expedient reasoning, its historical role, and its eventual replacement by analogical reasoning (Qiyas).
🛡️ Understanding Justifiable Homicide in Islamic Law: Insights from Al-Jāmiʿu ʾṣ-Ṣag͟hīr
Delve into the complex and nuanced jurisprudence of justifiable homicide under Islamic law as detailed in Al-Jāmiʿu ʾṣ-Ṣag͟hīr and other classical sources. Learn the conditions under which it is deemed permissible and explore its implications through scholarly discourse.
🛡️ Understanding TAKFIR: The Complex Layers of Religious Declarations
Explore the multifaceted concept of Takfir, dealing with pronouncements that label someone as an unbeliever, its implications in historical and modern contexts, and the ethical debates surrounding it in Islamic theology.
🤝 Understanding RUQBĀ (رقبى‎): The Islamic Concept of Conditional Gift
Explore Ruqbā, an Islamic inheritance concept involving a conditional gift that changes ownership based on who survives whom. Understand its cultural and legal implications in Islamic tradition.
🤲 QASM (قسم‎): The Islamic Division of Rights
Delve into the concept of Qasm (قسم‎) in Islamic jurisprudence, understood as the division of conjugal rights. Learn about its importance, etymology, cultural nuances, and comparisons to other legal traditions.
🧩 Understanding ISTIHSAN: The Juristic Preference in Islamic Law
Delve into Istihsan, a principle in Islamic law allowing exceptions for the greater public interest. Explore its role in jurisprudence, historical developments, and cultural significance.
🧾 The Role of Qazi: The Magistrate in Islamic Jurisprudence
Discover the important functions and responsibilities of a Qazi, an Islamic magistrate, and their significance in upholding justice within Islamic law. Understand cultural divergences and historical evolution.
⚔️ Understanding Al-Anfāl (الانفال‎): The Surah of Spoils
Explore Al-Anfāl (الانفال‎), the 8th Surah of the Qur'an which addresses the division of spoils taken at the Battle of Badr. Learn about its historical context, significance in Islamic jurisprudence, and comparisons with other religious traditions.
⚖️ Exploring NABBĀSH: The Islamic Perspective on Grave Robbers
Delve deep into the concept of Nabbāsh, the grave robber in Islamic jurisprudence. Uncover the varied interpretations by different Islamic scholars on the punishment for this act.
🌍 Understanding Land in Islamic Law: A Study of Arz (ارض‎)
Dive into the intricate rules and regulations of land in Islamic law, known as Arz (ارض‎), exploring concepts such as tithes, conquered lands, religious appropriations, and much more.
🐄 Understanding ẔABĪḤAH (ذبيحة‎): Islamic Method of Halal Slaughter
Dive into the Islamic jurisprudence surrounding ẔABĪḤAH (ذبيحة‎), understand the religious, legal, and cultural significance of lawful animal slaughter, and compare it to other sacrificial traditions.
🐴 Understanding Bag͟hl: The Role of MULES in Islamic Tradition
Explore the significance of mules in Islamic tradition, delving into their etymology, cultural and religious background, and the specific injunctions laid by Prophet Muḥammad. Learn about the forbidden and permissible aspects related to mules in Islam.
👟 Stepping into Reverence: The Islamic Tradition of Removing Shoes 🕌
Explore the cultural, historical, and theological aspects of the practice of removing shoes in Islamic worship spaces and homes. Understand its significance, variations, and related jurisprudence.
👩‍🦳 Understanding Widows (ارملة‎ Armalah) in Islamic Law
Explore the legal and cultural aspects surrounding widows (ارملة‎ armalah) in Islamic Law. Understand the period of mourning, inheritance rights, and the comparison between Islamic laws and other traditions.
💧 The Role of Wells (Biʾr): Historical and Jurisprudential Perspectives in Islam
Dive into the significance of wells, or biʾr (بئر‎), in Islamic history and jurisprudence, exploring their etymology, legal perspectives, and their place in cultural and everyday life.
💰 Unraveling the Concept of GHANIMAH: Wealth Acquired in War 🕌
Discover the term 'ghanimah,' referring to the wealth acquired in battle according to Islamic jurisprudence. Learn about its significance, rules of distribution, cultural implications, and historical background.
💼 Understanding BAIʿ: A Comprehensive Overview of Sale in Islamic Law 🏷️
Explore BAIʿ (بيع‎, pl. بيوع‎ buyūʿ), the intricate Islamic concept of sale and commercial dealing. Dive into its rules, etymology, cultural context, and scholarly references.
📚 Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyah: Scholar, Jurist, and Reformer of the Hanbali Madhhab
Discover the intellectual legacy of Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyah, a prominent Hanbali jurist from the 14th century. Learn about his association with Ibn Taymiyyah, his criticisms of Sufism, and his contributions to Islamic jurisprudence.
📚 Jafari: Shii Legal Thought and Jurisprudence 🕌
Discover Jafari, the Shii school of Islamic legal thought and jurisprudence named after the sixth imam, Jafar al-Sadiq. Understand its sources of law, historical significance, and contemporary status in Islamic jurisprudence.
📚 MĀLIK (مالك‎): The Pioneering Imam of Sunnī Jurisprudence
Explore the life and contributions of Imām Mālik ibn Anas, the founder of the Mālikī school, one of the four orthodox Sunni sects in Islam, his influence, teachings, and legacy.
📚 Tusi, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan: The Mastermind of Twelver Shii Jurisprudence
Explore the life and works of Muhammad ibn al-Hasan Tusi, an eminent Twelver Shia theologian and jurist who played a pivotal role in shaping Islamic jurisprudence and theology after the Great Occultation.
📚 Understanding Mukhtasar: The 🕌 Concise Handbooks of Islamic Jurisprudence
Discover the origins, significance, and historical impact of Mukhtasar, concise handbooks used in Islamic law. Learn about their contributions to legal education and their role within the Abbasid caliphate.
📚 Understanding ʿAnānah (عنانة‎): The Concept of Impotency in Islamic Law
Explore ʿAnānah (عنانة‎), the Islamic term for impotency, delving into its etymology, cultural significance, and its impact upon marriage laws in both Sunnī and Shīʿah traditions.
📜 Exploring ḤAWĀLAH: The Legal Mechanism of Debt Transfer in Islam
Dive into the concept of ḤAWĀLAH (حوالة‎), an Islamic legal term entailing the transfer of a debt's responsibility from the original debtor to another party. Understand its historical, theological, and practical implications within Islamic jurisprudence.
📜 IJMĀʿ (اجماع‎): The Unanimous Consensus in Islam
Dive deep into the concept of IJMĀʿ (اجماع‎) in Islam, exploring its significance as the collective consensus of Islamic scholars. Understand its roots, variations, and impact on Islamic jurisprudence.
📜 Understanding Ahl al-Hadith: The Custodians of Islamic Traditions
Explore Ahl al-Hadith, who dedicated themselves to preserving the traditions of the Prophet. Delve into their significance in forming Sunni Islam and their historical context in the Islamic legal discourse.
📜 Understanding Waṣīyah (وصية): Islamic Law of Wills
Discover the comprehensive aspects of waṣīyah (wills) in Islamic law, understood as endowing property after death. Learn through cultural nuances, legal stipulations, and historical contexts.
🧐 Understanding Mujtahid: The Seeker of Independent Reasoning in Islamic Law
Dive into the role of Mujtahid, an individual who exercises independent reasoning in interpreting Islamic law. Learn about the qualifications, history, and contemporary debates surrounding this pivotal concept.
⚖️ Exploring ḤAKAM (حكم‎): The Role of the Arbitrator in Islam
Dive into the concept of ḤAKAM (حكم‎) in Islamic jurisprudence, emphasizing its significance in resolving disputes and its connection to the divine attribute of God as the Arbitrator.
⚖️ Understanding MAZALIM: Exploring Injustice in Islamic Jurisprudence
Dive into the concept of Mazalim, examining its roots, historical development, and cultural nuances. Understand its pivotal role in Islamic jurisprudence and philosophy concerning justice and governance.
✨Understanding HAIR in Islamic Tradition: Cultural and Ethical Insights
Explore the cultural, ethical, and religious perspectives on hair in Islam. Understand its significance, the prohibitions surrounding the sale and use of human hair, and the wisdom behind these teachings.
🌍 Dar al-Islam: The Domain of Islam in Context 🕌
Explore the concept of Dar al-Islam, a region of Muslim sovereignty where Islamic law (Shari'a) prevails, its historical significance, and its contested status during the colonial period.
🌍 North Africa, Islam in: A Journey Through Time
Explore the rich history of Islam in North Africa, from the rapid spread after Muhammad's death to the modern-day Islamic resurgence. Understand the cultural and political dynamics shaped by Arab Muslim armies, pious leaders, and influential Sufi teachers.
🌟 Hibri, Azizah al-: A Trailblazer in Islamic Jurisprudence and Women's Rights
Dive into the influential life and work of Azizah al-Hibri, a pioneering scholar and activist in Islamic law, women's rights, and interfaith dialogue. Explore her contributions to legal reform and her impact on global discussions about Islam, human rights, and democracy.
🌟 Understanding وصية‎ (Waṣīyah): The Dynamics of Bequests in Islam
Explore the intricacies of waṣīyah, the Islamic concept of bequests, how they are formulated, and their significance in Muslim law. Understand the socio-legal impacts of these bequests and compare them with other inheritance systems.
🌿 TAZKIYAH (تزكية‎): The Concept of Purification in Islam
Explore the multifaceted concept of Tazkiyah, encompassing spiritual purification, giving legal alms (zakāt), and the assessment of witnesses' integrity in Islamic jurisprudence. Understand its broader significance in personal and social spheres.
🍷 Exploring MUSALLAS (مثلث): Historical and Theological Perspectives
Delve into the concept of Musallas (مثلث‎), a term referring to 'made into three'. Historically linked to an aromatic wine, referred to in Islamic jurisprudence, and examined across various cultural and scholarly readings.
🎨 The Dyer: An Exploration of Trade and Ethics in Islamic Jurisprudence
Unpack the principles and regulations surrounding the trade of dyeing cloth in Islamic jurisprudence according to Imām Abū Ḥanīfah. Discover the dynamics of labor, compensation, and responsibility in Ḥanafī law.
👂 Unveiling INZ̤ĀR (انظار‎): The Islamic Practice of Hearing the Bankrupt
Dive into the significance and practice of INZ̤ĀR (انظار‎) in Islam, referring to the act of listening or lending an ear to the bankrupt’s statement or petition, and uncover its implications in a broader socio-religious context.
👪 Adoption in Islam: Juristic Views and Cultural Practices
Analyze the Islamic perspective on adoption, exploring traditional juristic mandates, Qur'anic injunctions, and contemporary practices within Muslim communities.
👳‍♂️ Understanding Wali al-Amr: The Islamic Role of Legal Guardianship
Dive deep into the concept of 'Wali al-Amr'—the male legal guardian in Islamic tradition. Discover its definition, etymology, historical significance, cultural relevance, and more.
💎 Discovering RIKĀZ: Treasures Buried in the Earth
Unveil the concept of Rikāz, referring to ancient treasures and buried wealth in Islamic tradition. Understand its implications in zakāt and Islamic jurisprudence and explore cultural nuances.
💎 Understanding Islamic Views on JEWELS: Arabic Jauhar (جوهر‎)
Dive into the significance and jurisprudence surrounding jewels in Islamic traditions. Explore how jewels like emeralds, rubies, and chrysolites are treated under Islamic law and their roles in cultural practices.

Islamic Terms Lexicon is your ultimate resource for understanding the vast and intricate world of Islamic doctrines, rites, ceremonies, customs, and technical & theological terms. Our comprehensive dictionary provides thousands of terms in both English and Arabic, each with detailed definitions, authoritative references, and quizzes designed to sharpen your understanding and enhance your learning experience.

Amina Al-Fahad Ibrahim Al-Hakim Ibrahim Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Hassan Hassan Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Hassan Fatima Al-Zahra Yusuf Al-Hakim Layla Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Mansur Layla Hassan Zainab Al-Rashid Fatima Zahra Layla Al-Hassan Zayd Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Yusuf Layla Hasan Yusuf Al-Mahdi Yusuf Al-Rashid Dr. Layla Hassan Fatima Al-Husseini Harun Al-Rashid Ibrahim Malik Layla Ahmed Mustafa Al-Hakim Ahmad Al-Rashid Hakim Al-Rashid Hasan Al-Rashid Hassan Al-Hakim Hassan Al-Tamimi Ibrahim Al-Hakeem Ibrahim Al-Hashimi Ibrahim Al-Hussein Ibrahim Al-Karim Ibrahim Al-Khalil Ibrahim Al-Yazid Ibrahim Mustafa Khalid Al-Mansoor Omar Al-Hakim Omar Al-Rashid Samira Al-Hakim Tariq Al-Hakim Yusuf Al-Mansur Zainab Malik Zaynab Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Hussein Ahmad Al-Hakim Fatima Ahmed Fatima Al-Husayni Fatima Al-Hussein Fatima Al-Mansouri Fatima El-Amin Fatima El-Sayed Fatima Rahman Fatima Rahmani Fatima Siddiqui Fatimah Al-Rashid Fatimah Zahra Hassan Al-Mansur Hassan Al-Razi Ibrahim Al-Husseini Ibrahim Al-Khatib Ibrahim Al-Mahdi Ibrahim Al-Mansoor Ibrahim Al-Mansour Ibrahim Al-Mansouri Ibrahim Al-Najjar Ibrahim Hassan Ibrahim Khalid Ibrahim Suleiman Khalid Al-Rashid Layla Al-Hakim Layla Al-Hashimi Layla Al-Mansoori Layla Al-Mansouri Layla Mahmoud Layla Mustafa Layla Rahman Tariq Al-Mansur Yasmin Al-Hassan Yasmin Al-Rashid Yusuf Al-Mansoor Yusuf Ibn Khalid Zara Ahmed Zaynab Hassan Ahmed Al-Hakim Aisha Ahmed Aisha Al-Hassan Aisha Rahman Aliyah Rahman Farah Al-Zahra Fatima Al-Habib Fatima Al-Hariri Fatima Al-Hassani Fatima Al-Mahmoud Fatima Al-Najjar Fatima Al-Qadri Fatima Anwar