Middle Eastern Studies

๐Ÿ“š Mahmud, Zaki Najib: Pioneer of Liberal Philosophy in the Arab World
Uncover the life and contributions of Mahmud, Zaki Najib, an eminent Egyptian philosopher who embraced positivism, advocating for modern scientific and rational thought within the traditional Arab heritage.
๐Ÿ“ Understanding JORDAN: Insights into Islamic and Historical Significance
Explore the cultural, historical, and religious significance of Jordan (Arabic: ุงุฑุฏู†โ€Ž) in Islamic tradition. Delve into its mention in the Qur'an and its broader impact on Islamic heritage.
๐ŸŒ Islamic Call Society: A Missionary Herald of Faith
Delve into the history and activities of the Islamic Call Society, a Libyan government missionary organization founded in 1972. Understand its global influence, roles, and the legacy of its founder, Muammar Qaddafi.
๐ŸŒ… Understanding MASHRIQ: The Land of the Sunrise
Discover the Mashriq, the eastern Arab lands rich with cultural and historical significance, standing in contrast to the Maghreb in the west. Delve into its etymology, history, and cultural nuances.
๐Ÿ•Œ Exploring the Legacy of Hakim, Muhsen al-: An Influential Iraqi Shii Cleric ๐Ÿ“š
Discover the impactful life and works of Hakim, Muhsen al-, a prominent Iraqi Shii cleric of the 1960s known for his educational and political initiatives, his stance against Communism, and his tragic family history under the Baath regime.
๐ŸŒ Islam in the Gulf States: Unity and Diversity in Faith
Explore the diverse landscape of Islam in the Gulf States, examining the delicate balance between Sunni, Shii communities, and their political influences. Delve into the historical, theological, and cultural nuances shaping Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, and the UAE.
๐ŸŽ–๏ธ Understanding ZAIM: The Key Figures in Levantine Leadership
Delve into the concept of Zaim, a political leader pivotal to Middle Eastern politics, particularly in Lebanon. Examine their role, historical significance, and influence on society.
๐ŸŒ Abdul-Rahman al-Bazzaz: The Legacy of an Iraqi Nationalist ๐Ÿ“œ
Delve into the life and legacy of Abdul-Rahman al-Bazzaz, an influential Iraqi Arab nationalist politician known for his contributions to the law, education, and the international oil industry.
๐ŸŒ The Arab League: Unity in Diversity Across the Arab Nations
A comprehensive exploration of the Arab League, its foundation, goals, historical significance, and cultural diversity within its member states. Learn how this institution advocates for political, economic, and social cooperation in the Arab world.
๐Ÿ›๏ธ Bab-i Ali: The Heartbeat of the Ottoman Empire
Dive into the history and significance of Bab-i Ali, the embodiment of Ottoman power and governance. From its roots to its tangible impact, discover how this cornerstone of imperial administration shaped an empire.
๐Ÿ•Œ Islam in the Middle East: A Comprehensive Chronology ๐Ÿ“œ
Dive into the diverse practices, theological orientations, societal roles, and historical evolution of Islam in the Middle East, encompassing eras from its foundations to its modern transformation.
๐Ÿ’ก Unpacking HOJATIYYAH: A Shii Religious and Political Thought ๐Ÿ’ญ
Discover Hojatiyyah, a conservative Shii religio-political school of thought founded in the 1950s in Iran. Learn about its historical background, significance, and its controversial relationship with the post-1979 Islamic regime.
๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ Agha: The Influential Powerbrokers of Ottoman Algeria ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
Dive into the historical significance of the Aghas, the chief officers of the Janissaries in Algeria, who played critical roles in the political and military arenas, eventually becoming rulers themselves in the mid-17th century.
๐Ÿฐ The Seljuk Dynasty: Guardians of the East ๐Ÿ•Œ
Dive into the history and influence of the Seljuk Dynasty, a Turkic power that played a pivotal role in shaping the political, cultural, and religious landscape of the Middle East from the 11th to the 12th century.
๐Ÿ–‹๏ธ Arsalan, Shakib: A Visionary in the Turmoil of Early 20th Century
Explore the life, work, and legacy of Shakib Arsalan, the Druze reformist, activist, and writer who navigated the tumultuous political landscape in the early 20th century Arab/Islamic world, expressing his resistance to European imperialism.
๐Ÿบ Muhammad Ali Dynasty: Shaping Egypt's Modern History
Explore the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, its impact on Egypt's history, and its ambitious modernization efforts from 1805 to 1952, which influenced the country's military, education, technology, infrastructure, and governance.
๐ŸŸข Virtue Party: Navigating Identity and Politics in 1990s Turkey
Delve into the history and significance of the Virtue Party, a short-lived political entity in Turkey that sought to balance Islamic values with Western integration. Understand its rise, strategies, controversies, and impact on Turkish politics.
๐ŸŒ Lebanon and Islam: Harmony and Diversity ๐ŸŒ™
Discover the multi-faceted presence of Islam in Lebanon, exploring its various sectsโ€”Sunnis, Shiis, Druze, Alawis, and Ismailisโ€”and their influence on Lebanese socio-political fabric.
๐ŸŒ Unveiling Sham: The Spiritual Roots and Cultural Riches of Syria ๐Ÿ•Œ
Delve into the historical and spiritual significance of Sham, the ancient Arabic name for Syria. Explore its multifaceted identity, archaeological marvels, and cultural contributions to Islamic civilization.
๐ŸŒŸ Nasif, Malak Hifni: A Beacon of Feminist Reform in Egypt
Dive into the life and legacy of Malak Hifni Nasif, a pioneering Egyptian feminist and Islamic modernist reformer who passionately advocated for women's rights in the early 20th century.
๐Ÿ“– Liberation Movement of Iran: Balancing Faith and Freedom
Delve into the history and significance of the Liberation Movement of Iran, a party rooted in a moderate Islamic perspective, instrumental in the transfer of power during the 1979 Iranian Revolution, advocating for liberal political and economic policies while opposing both royal and clerical dictatorships.
๐Ÿ“œ Iran-Iraq War (1980โ€“88): Clash of Nations and Ideologies ๐ŸŒ
Explore the Iran-Iraq War (1980โ€“88), a devastating conflict triggered by geopolitical tensions and ideological differences. Discover its causes, key events, and lasting impacts on the Middle East and the world.
๐Ÿ“œ Islam in Jordan: A Tapestry of Faith and Politics
Delve into the historical roots and contemporary landscape of Islam in Jordan. Understand the socio-political dynamics, various movements, and prominent figures influencing the religious fabric of this Hashemite Kingdom.
๐Ÿ“œ The Legendary Figure of Sinan, Rashid al-Din: The 'Old Man of the Mountain'
Explore the legacy of Sinan, Rashid al-Din, a prominent Nizari Ismaili missionary known for his strategic prowess and political alliances in medieval Syria. Discover his influence, historical context, and the myths that surrounded his life and mission.
๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ Understanding Sipah-i Pasdaran-i Inqilab-i Islami: The Guardian of Iran's Revolution
Explore Sipah-i Pasdaran-i Inqilab-i Islami, also known as the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), formed to safeguard the Iranian revolution. Understand its roles, history, significance, and influence in modern Iran.
๐ŸŒ Islamic Jihad of Palestine: A Radical Fervor and Its Roots
Discover the historical, ideological, and geopolitical aspects of the Islamic Jihad of Palestine. Understand its origins, key figures, and its stance among other movements within the Middle Eastern socio-political landscape.
๐ŸŒ The Legacy of Husayni, Hajj Amin: Advocate for Palestinian Nationalism
Delve into the life and legacy of Hajj Amin al-Husayni, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Understand his pivotal role in Palestinian nationalism, his controversial alliances, and lasting impact on Middle Eastern geopolitics.
๐ŸŒŸ AMAL: The Unwavering Hope of Lebanese Shii Resistance
Discover AMAL, a major Lebanese Shii political movement meaning 'hope.' From its emergence in 1975 to its crucial role in Lebanon's history, explore its evolution, leadership, and political significance.
๐Ÿฐ Amr ibn al-As: The Conqueror of Egypt
Explore the pivotal role of Amr ibn al-As in the Islamic conquest of Egypt. Learn about his military, political achievements, and his lasting impact on Egyptian history.
๐Ÿฐ The Bu Said Dynasty: Legacy of Omani Leadership ๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ
Discover the rich history and enduring influence of the Bu Said Dynasty, from its foundation in 1741 by Imam Ahmad ibn Said to its modern-day governance led by Sultan Qabus ibn Said. Explore its ties to the Ibadi tradition, trade empire, and political evolution.
๐Ÿ“œ Discovering Maqrizi: The Eminent Egyptian Historian ๐Ÿ•Œ
Dive into the life and works of Taqi al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ali ibn al-Qadir al-Maqrizi, a renowned 15th-century Egyptian historian, scholar, and writer. Explore his significant contributions to history, geography, and biography.
๐Ÿ“œ Unraveling Jamiah-yi Ruhaniyat-i Mubariz: The Society of Militant Clergy
Discover the historical and ideological significance of Jamiah-yi Ruhaniyat-i Mubariz, an Iranian movement pivotal in the protests against the shah, Israel, and the United States, particularly during Ayatollah Khomeini's exile.
๐Ÿ” Exploring the Legacy of Muammar al-Qaddafi: The Libyan Leader's Controversial Path
Delve into the life and impact of Muammar al-Qaddafi, who reshaped Libyaโ€™s political landscape with his Green Book theories, critique of traditional Islamic authorities, and support for various liberation movements.
๐Ÿ” Understanding Hizb: The Concept of Factions and Political Parties in Islam
Dive into the significance of 'Hizb' in Islamโ€”its historical and modern interpretations, its Quranic presence, and its nuanced relationship with the concepts of unity and divisiveness within Islamic societies.
๐Ÿš€ Fidaiyan-i Islam: Iranian Commandos of Islam
Delve into the history and legacy of Fidaiyan-i Islam, an Iranian religio-political group aiming to create an Islamic order through activism, social reform, and targeted assassinations.
๐Ÿ™๏ธ Exploring Al-Khalil: The Historic City of Hebron
Delve into the historic and culturally rich city of Al-Khalil, also known as Hebron. Learn about its significance to both Muslims and Jews, its history of conflict, and its revered status as the traditionally accepted location of the tomb of Abraham.
๐Ÿ›๏ธ Exploring the Zand Dynasty: Humanitarian Rulers of 18th Century Iran
Dive into the history of the Zand Dynasty, notorious for its humanitarian ruler Karim Khan Zand, who brought peace, prosperity, and infrastructure to western and southern Iran. Understand the cultural and historical significance of this short-lived yet impactful dynasty.
๐Ÿ•Œ Arab Nationalism: ๐ŸŒ Aspiring Unification of Arab Lands
Dive deep into Arab Nationalism, a movement marked by anti-colonial spirit and cultural pride. Understand its historic milestones, cultural impacts, linguistic significance, and connection to significant political events in the Arab world.
๐Ÿ•Œ Islam in Iraq: A Tapestry of Faith
Dive into the intricate weave of Islamic faith in Iraq, exploring its historical roots, significant religious influences, and the cultural mesh within its Shii and Sunni communities.
๐Ÿ•Œ Malik Shah ibn Alp Arslan: The Great Seljuk Sultan
Explore the reign of Malik Shah ibn Alp Arslan, the third Seljuk sultan whose era marked the dynasty's peak in power and cultural assimilation. Understand the impact of his rule across Iran, Iraq, and Syria.
๐Ÿ•Œ Mohammad Hosayn Borujerdi: The Quietist Cleric of Iran ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท
Discover the life and contributions of Mohammad Hosayn Borujerdi, an influential Iranian cleric who sought a quietist approach to politics, revitalized Islamic scholarship, and aimed for Sunni-Shia unity.
๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ Journey Through Time: Understanding the GอŸHIFฤ€R (ุบู€ูู€ุงุฑโ€Ž) Tribe
Delve into the historical and cultural tapestry of the GอŸHIFฤ€R (ุบู€ูู€ุงุฑโ€Ž) Tribe, an influential Arabian tribe around al-Madฤซnah during the time of the Prophet Muhammad. Discover their contributions and significance in early Islamic history.
๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ Sipahsalar, (Mirza) Husayn Khan Mushir al-Dawlah: The Catalyst for Iranian Modernization
Dive into the life and legacy of Sipahsalar, (Mirza) Husayn Khan Mushir al-Dawlah, an Iranian statesman instrumental in Iran's modernization. Explore his administrative, military, and legal reforms, and the opposition he faced.
โš”๏ธ The Battle of Qadisiyyah: Turning Point in Early Islamic History
Examine the Battle of Qadisiyyah, a pivotal clash in 637 CE that led to the fall of the Sasanian Empire and opened Persia to Arab-Muslim conquest. Understand its historical significance, cultural implications, and how it has been referenced in modern conflicts.
โš™๏ธ The White Revolution: Iran's Path to Modernization
Explore the White Revolution, Reza Shah Pahlavi's ambitious project to modernize Iran during the 1960s and 1970s. Understand its impact on various sectors of Iranian society and the eventual consequences leading to the Islamic Revolution.
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ AL-สฟIRฤ€Q (ุงู„ุนุฑุงู‚โ€Ž): Exploring the Heartland of Civilization ๐ŸŒ
Dive into the rich history and cultural significance of AL-สฟIRฤ€Q (ุงู„ุนุฑุงู‚โ€Ž), a term meaning 'a side or shore,' representing a land with monumental historical legacy situated along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ King Khalid ibn Abd al-Aziz: Controversy and Change in Saudi Arabia
Explore the reign of King Khalid ibn Abd al-Aziz of Saudi Arabia, marked by significant political, religious, and social events, including the 1979 seizure of the Grand Mosque and modernization efforts within the kingdom.
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ Islam in Syria: A Complex Tapestry of Faith and Power
Explore the intricate landscape of Islam in Syria, delving into its Sunni majority and diverse Shia minorities, political dynamics, historical upheavals, and cultural resonances. Understand the socio-political essence of Syrian Islamic context.
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท The Influence of Young Turks ๐ŸŽ“: Reform and Revolution in the Ottoman Empire
Discover the significance and history of the Young Turks, a reformist movement in the Ottoman Empire that aimed to modernize the state and its institutions. Learn about their ideologies, factions, and historical impacts.
๐ŸŒ Ahmad Urabi: Egyptโ€™s Hero of Nationalism
Discover the life and legacy of Ahmad Urabi, an Egyptian national hero and colonel who played a pivotal role in the fight for independence from British rule in the late 19th century.
๐ŸŒ Islam in the Conflict: Palestine and Israel ๐Ÿ‘ฅ
Delve into the role of Islam within the geopolitical conflict of Palestine and Israel, focusing on the historical, religious, and socio-political dynamics that influence the region.
๐ŸŒ The Hamdanids: Guardians of Mesopotamian Power and Culture
Dive into the history of the Hamdanids, a prominent Arab Shia nomadic clan. Explore their political and cultural influence stretching from Mosul to Baghdad, and beyond, during the ninth and tenth centuries.
๐ŸŒ Unveiling Nasserism: Egyptโ€™s Revolutionary Call for Arab Unity
Dive into the history and ideologies of Nasserism, a political movement steered by Egypt under Gamal Abdel Nasser, championing Arab liberation, socialism, and resistance against Western colonization during the mid-20th century.
๐ŸŒŸ Decoding the Legacy of Naini, Muhammad Husayn: An Influential Shi'i Cleric
Explore the contributions of Naini, Muhammad Husayn, an Iraqi Shii cleric who played a pivotal role in the 1905โ€“11 Constitutional Revolution in Iran and the Iraqi independence movement against the British. Understand his perspective on constitutional government, the role of the ulama, and the dynamics of Iranian politics.
๐ŸŒŸ Exploring al-Tajammu al-Yamani liโ€™l-Islah: Yemen's Society for Reform
Dive into the founding, history, cultural significance, and political impact of al-Tajammu al-Yamani liโ€™l-Islah, also known as Yemen's Society for Reform (Islah), a fundamental force in Yemen's multiparty system since 1990.
๐ŸŒŸ Jamaat al-Takfir waโ€™l-Hijrah: Radical Belief and Controversial Actions in Cairo
Explore Jamaat al-Takfir waโ€™l-Hijrah, a radical group from Cairo. Delve into its origins, the beliefs of its leader Shukri Ahmad Mustafa, and its controversial actions including the 1977 assassination of Shaykh Muhammad Husayn al-Dhahabi.
๐ŸŒŸ Mohammed Mossadegh: The Icon of Iranian Nationalism
Dive into the life and legacy of Mohammed Mossadegh, the Iranian prime minister who nationalized the oil industry and catalyzed a series of events that shaped modern Iran.
๐ŸŒŸ สฟAmr ibn al-สฟฤ€แนฃฤซ: The Conqueror of Egypt and Syria ๐Ÿบ
Dive into the illustrious life of สฟAmr ibn al-สฟฤ€แนฃฤซ, his military conquests, and his role as a Companion of the Prophet Muhammad. Explore his impact on Islamic history and how he shaped the future of the Middle East.
๐Ÿฐ Qainuqฤสฟ: The Saga of a Jewish Tribe in Early Islamic History
Uncover the historical and cultural journey of the Qainuqฤสฟ tribe, a Jewish community living near al-Madฤซnah. Explore their encounter with Muแธฅammad, the siege, and the subsequent exile as narrated in Islamic history.
๐Ÿ‘‘ Sanusi, Muhammad Idris ibn al-Mahdi al-: The First King of Independent Libya
Explore the legacy of King Muhammad Idris ibn al-Mahdi al-Sanusi, a significant figure in Libyan history known for his efforts in unifying Libya and promoting economic development. Discover his impact on Libyan nationalism and his eventual overthrow by Muammar Qaddafi.
๐Ÿ‘‘ Unveiling the Qajar Dynasty: A Nexรผs of Iran's History
Traverse through the timelines of the Qajar Dynasty, from its origins as a Turkic tribal federation to its impactful modernization policies and eventual transition to the Pahlavi dynasty.
๐Ÿ“š Anjuman: Igniting Change through Assembly and Association
Discover the multifaceted concept of Anjuman, encompassing assembly, meeting, or association in Persian culture. Learn how it influenced both political revolutions and intellectual movements from the early 20th century till the Islamic Revolution.
๐Ÿ“š Exploring the Life and Impact of Muhtashimi, Ali Akbar
Dive into the life of Ali Akbar Muhtashimi, a significant Iranian political figure tied closely with Ayatollah Khomeini and Lebanese Hizb Allah. Understand his role in Iranian media, politics, and international guerrilla movements.
๐Ÿ“š Ibn Baz, Shaykh Abd al-Aziz: The Scholar Who Shaped 20th Century Saudi Religious Thought
Delve into the life and legacy of Ibn Baz, Shaykh Abd al-Aziz, one of Saudi Arabia's most influential religious scholars. Explore his contributions to Islamic jurisprudence and his controversial positions on political reforms.
๐Ÿ“š Unveiling the Legacy of Jahiz: A Prose Master in Arabic Literature
Discover the life and works of Abu Uthman Amr ibn Bahr ibn Mahbub al-Jahiz, an iconic figure in Arabic literature renowned for his mastery of prose, adaptation of classical works, and contribution to Islamic thought.
๐Ÿ“œ Exploring the Qaramanli Dynasty: The Turkish Rule in Libya
Discover the rise and fall of the Qaramanli Dynasty in Ottoman Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, and Fezzan. Understand their governance, diplomatic endeavors, and confrontations with global powers from 1711 to 1835.
๐Ÿ“œ The Constitutional Revolution of Iran: A Turning Point ๐Ÿ•Œ
Delve into the Constitutional Revolution of Pakistan (1905-1911), a significant historical turning point marked by demands for justice, economic change, and political restructuring. Explore its roots, impacts, and lasting legacy on modern Iran.
๐Ÿ“œ Unveiling the Maronites: A Profound Glimpse into History and Faith
Dive into the rich history and cultural significance of the Maronites, a pivotal Eastern-rite community within the Roman Catholic Church. Understand their origins, historical evolvements, and their influence in Lebanese politics.
๐Ÿ“ Ahmed Kasravi: The Reformer and His Revolutionary Thoughts
Dive into the life and influence of Ahmed Kasravi, a prominent Iranian historian and political thinker, who championed modernity and unity over sectarianism and traditionalism. Learn about his critical views, the controversy surrounding his stance on Shiism, and his legacy.
๐Ÿ” Exploring the Druze: A Hidden Militant Offshoot ๐Ÿ“œ
Discover The Druze, a millenarian offshoot of Ismaili Shiism founded in the tenth century. Understand their origins, beliefs, and how they form a unique mosaic within the Muslim world.
๐Ÿ” Understanding Abdel Rahman, Omar: The Radical Islamic Scholar
Discover the life of Omar Abdel Rahman, a profound yet controversial Egyptian religious scholar, known for his radical Islamist views. Analyze his influence on militant groups and his role in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
๐Ÿ” Understanding Komiteh: The Revolutionary Committees of Iran ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท
Dive deep into the history and evolution of Komiteh, the pivotal revolutionary committees that played a crucial role in the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Explore their origins, ideological diversity, and eventual integration into the national police force.
๐Ÿ”ฅ Awdah, Abdal-Aziz: The Path of a Militant Leader ๐Ÿ“˜
Explore the life and impact of Awdah, Abdal-Aziz, a significant Palestinian Islamic fundamentalist leader. Discover his background, education, militant associations, and his role in founding Islamic Jihad of Palestine.

Islamic Terms Lexicon

IslamicTermsLexicon.com is your ultimate resource for understanding the vast and intricate world of Islamic doctrines, rites, ceremonies, customs, and technical & theological terms. Our comprehensive dictionary provides thousands of terms in both English and Arabic, each with detailed definitions, authoritative references, and quizzes designed to sharpen your understanding and enhance your learning experience.

Amina Al-Fahad Ibrahim Al-Hakim Ibrahim Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Hassan Hassan Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Hassan Fatima Al-Zahra Yusuf Al-Hakim Layla Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Mansur Layla Hassan Zainab Al-Rashid Fatima Zahra Layla Al-Hassan Zayd Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Yusuf Layla Hasan Yusuf Al-Mahdi Yusuf Al-Rashid Dr. Layla Hassan Fatima Al-Husseini Harun Al-Rashid Ibrahim Malik Layla Ahmed Mustafa Al-Hakim Ahmad Al-Rashid Hakim Al-Rashid Hasan Al-Rashid Hassan Al-Hakim Hassan Al-Tamimi Ibrahim Al-Hakeem Ibrahim Al-Hashimi Ibrahim Al-Hussein Ibrahim Al-Karim Ibrahim Al-Khalil Ibrahim Al-Yazid Ibrahim Mustafa Khalid Al-Mansoor Omar Al-Hakim Omar Al-Rashid Samira Al-Hakim Tariq Al-Hakim Yusuf Al-Mansur Zainab Malik Zaynab Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Hussein Ahmad Al-Hakim Fatima Ahmed Fatima Al-Husayni Fatima Al-Hussein Fatima Al-Mansouri Fatima El-Amin Fatima El-Sayed Fatima Rahman Fatima Rahmani Fatima Siddiqui Fatimah Al-Rashid Fatimah Zahra Hassan Al-Mansur Hassan Al-Razi Ibrahim Al-Husseini Ibrahim Al-Khatib Ibrahim Al-Mahdi Ibrahim Al-Mansoor Ibrahim Al-Mansour Ibrahim Al-Mansouri Ibrahim Al-Najjar Ibrahim Hassan Ibrahim Khalid Ibrahim Suleiman Khalid Al-Rashid Layla Al-Hakim Layla Al-Hashimi Layla Al-Mansoori Layla Al-Mansouri Layla Mahmoud Layla Mustafa Layla Rahman Tariq Al-Mansur Yasmin Al-Hassan Yasmin Al-Rashid Yusuf Al-Mansoor Yusuf Ibn Khalid Zara Ahmed Zaynab Hassan Ahmed Al-Hakim Aisha Ahmed Aisha Al-Hassan Aisha Rahman Aliyah Rahman Farah Al-Zahra Fatima Al-Habib Fatima Al-Hariri Fatima Al-Hassani Fatima Al-Mahmoud Fatima Al-Najjar Fatima Al-Qadri Fatima Anwar