Islamic History

🌟 The Aws Tribe: Pillars in the Foundation of the Islamic Community
Explore the significant role of the Aws tribe, who, along with the Khazraj, invited Prophet Muhammad to Yathrib to settle a feud. Learn how their invitation led to the establishment of the first Islamic community and the renaming of Yathrib to Medina.
📜 The Legacy of Ibn Masud, Abdallah: A Pioneering Companion of the Prophet
Dive into the life and contributions of Abdallah Ibn Masud, a prominent Companion of Prophet Muhammad, famous for his Quranic interpretations and hadith transmissions. Explore his role in the early Islamic community and his lasting legacy.
🌍 Unveiling Central Asia’s Islamic Tapestry: A Historical Odyssea
Dive into the rich and complex history of Islam in Central Asia. From early conquests to the influence of Sufi brotherhoods, discover how Islam has shaped the cultural and social fabric of this region.
📝 Understanding JORDAN: Insights into Islamic and Historical Significance
Explore the cultural, historical, and religious significance of Jordan (Arabic: اردن‎) in Islamic tradition. Delve into its mention in the Qur'an and its broader impact on Islamic heritage.
💬IMĀMĪYAH (امامية‎): The Followers of the Imām
Dive deep into Imāmīyah (امامية‎), the chief sect of the Shīʿahs who recognize the twelve Imāms. Explore its history, significance, and comparisons with other Islamic traditions.
🤔 Understanding Munāfiqūn: The Hypocrites in Islamic Context
Dive into the concept of munāfiqūn, the hypocrites as described in Islamic theology. Understand their role and significance during the Prophet Muhammad’s era and in broader Islamic teachings.
⚖️ The Principle of Arbitration in Islamic Law
Delve into the concept of arbitration in Islamic law, exploring its meaning, historical context, significance, and impact on personal status laws. Compare with contemporary legal practices around the world.
🌄 The Battle of Uḥud: A Turning Point in Islamic History
Dive deep into the historical and spiritual significance of the Battle of Uḥud, fought near a celebrated hill three miles away from al-Madīnah. Understand the lessons learned from the struggle faced by the Prophet Muhammad and his followers.
💰 Khums: The Islamic One-Fifth Tax Unveiled
Explore the concept of Khums, an Islamic tax system deeply rooted in Shia Islam, its historical evolution, and its significant impact on society, politics, and the independence of religious institutions.
📖 Understanding AL-WĀQIDĪ: The Esteemed Islamic Historian
Explore the life and contributions of Al-Waqidī, a prominent Muslim historian known for his extensive narrations on Islamic history and the life of the Prophet Muhammad.
📜 Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz: A Reformist Umayyad Caliph 🌟
Unpacking the legacy of Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz, also known as Umar II, an Umayyad caliph renowned for his significant reforms aimed at creating a more just and equitable Muslim empire.
📣 Bilāl (بلال‎): The First Muʾaẕẕin of Islam
Discover the life and significance of Bilāl ibn Rabāḥ (بلال‎), the first Muʾaẕẕin appointed by Prophet Muḥammad. Explore his journey from slavery to becoming an iconic figure in Islamic history.
🔍 Exploring SHĪʿAH (شيعة‎): The Discerning Followers of Ali
Dive into the intricate history, ethos, and global distinctions of Shīʿah Islam, their beliefs, and cultural impact. Discover the faith through a comprehensive academic perspective.
📿 Understanding IS̤NĀ-ʿASHARĪYAH: The Twelver Shia Sect
Dive into the world of Isnā-ʿAsharīyah, the sect of Shia Islam that acknowledges twelve Imāms. Explore its history, central beliefs, and its cultural impact compared to other Islamic traditions.
⚔️ The Legendary Sword: ʿŪL-FIQĀR: Symbol of Valor and Righteousness
Explore the mythical sword ẔŪ ʾL-FIQĀR, gifted by Prophet Muhammad to his son-in-law Ali. Delve into its rich history, cultural significance, and explore the virtues it represents in Islamic tradition.
🕋 The Holiness of Mecca: The Heart of Islam
Discover Mecca (Makkah), the holiest city in Islam. Learn its history, cultural significance, and its role as the focal point of Islamic pilgrimage.
🌟 Understanding Khairu al-Qurūn: The Best Generations in Islam
Explore the concept of 'Khairu al-Qurūn' in Islam, which refers to the first three virtuous generations of Muslims. Understand their significance, cultural differences, and theological implications.
👑🌿 Shajar al-Durr: The Enigmatic Queen of Egypt
Dive into the life of Shajar al-Durr, a Turkish slave who rose to become the Queen of Egypt, exploring her significant contribution and unique legacy in Islamic history.
🏵️ Unveiling MIRZĀ: A Respected Title in Islamic Culture
Dive into the historical significance, etymology, and cultural tapestry surrounding the illustrious title 'Mirzā'. Discover its use across varying cultures and its representation in literature.
🗺️ Discovering ʿUbādah ibn aṣ-Ṣāmit: A Pillar in Islamic History 🌟
Uncover the life and contributions of ʿUbādah ibn aṣ-Ṣāmit, a distinguished Companion of the Prophet Muhammad and key figure in early Islamic history. Learn about his role, significance, and legacy in collecting the Qur'an.
⚔️ The Tale of Jālūt (جالوت‎): Exploring the Epic Story of Goliath in Islamic Tradition
Dive deep into the Islamic and cross-cultural narratives surrounding Jālūt (جالوت‎), better known as Goliath. Understand the intertwining significance of his story in Islamic and Judeo-Christian texts, and the eternal moral lessons drawn from it.
⚖️ Understanding NĀʾIB (نائب‎): The Role of Deputy in Islamic Governance
Explore the concept of Nāʾib (نائب‎), an Islamic term denoting a deputy or lieutenant. Understand its significance in historical and modern contexts, and compare similar roles in different cultures.
🌟 Exploring 'ʾAsharah Mubashsharah: The Ten Companions Guaranteed Paradise
Delve into the concept of 'ʾAsharah Mubashsharah', the ten companions of Prophet Muhammad who were promised entrance into Paradise. Understand their significance in Islamic tradition and their unparalleled dedication to Islam.
🐈 Abu Hurayrah: The Father of Hadith
Delve into the life and contributions of Abu Hurayrah, a significant companion of Muhammad known for his vast contributions to hadith literature.
👑 Understanding AMĪRU ʾL-MUʾMINĪN: The Commander of the Believers
Delve into the prestigious title of Amīru ʾl-Muʾminīn, translating to the 'Commander of the Believers,' first conferred upon ʿAbdu ʾllāh ibn Jaḥsh and later adopted by the Caliphs and Sultans. Uncover its historical significance, cultural differences, related terms, and much more.
👶 Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb: The Caretaker of the Prophet Muhammad
Delve into the life of Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb, the foster mother to the Prophet Muhammad. Understand her historical background, significance in Islamic culture, and her influence during the early years of the Prophet's life.
💥 Understanding ZAḤF (زحف‎): The 🕌 Islamic Concept of Military Force
Dive into the concept of ZAḤF, an ancient Arabic term denoting a military force or swarming multitude in the context of Islamic teachings. Explore its historical significance, cultural context, and scriptural references.
💫 The Revered ASHAB: Companions of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
Discover the revered Ashab, the Companions of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, who played crucial roles in shaping Islamic history and teachings. Delve into their contributions, virtues, and their significance in Islamic traditions.
📖 Discovering WARAQAH (ورقة‎): The Scholar Who Recognized a Prophet
Unveil the life and contributions of Waraqah ibn Naufal, the cousin of Khadijah and a pivotal figure who recognized the prophethood of Muhammad, bridging Christianity and the nascent Islam.
📚 Delving into the Legacy of al-Baqir Muhammad: The Fifth Shia Imam
Explore the profound influence of al-Baqir Muhammad, the fifth Shia Imam, known for his deep knowledge and establishment of Imami Shii law and doctrine. Learn about his life, contributions, and historical context.
📚 Qom: The Heartbeat of Shia Islam Pulsating Through Time 🌟
Explore Qom, the pivotal Iranian city at the core of Shia theological studies and political movements. Discover its historic significance, from religious shrines to revolutionary centers.
📜 Exploring AMĪRU ʾL-ḤAJJ: The ✨ Chief of the Pilgrimage
Dive into the role of Amīru ʾl-Ḥajj, the chief of the pilgrimage in Islam. Uncover its historical significance, duties, cultural differences, and how it continues to influence the Hajj experience.
🔍 The Battle of the Trench: A Defining Moment in Islamic History 🕌
Dive deep into the Battle of the Trench, the strategic confrontation in 627 CE where Muslims, led by Prophet Muhammad, thwarted an attack by digging a trench. This pivotal moment changed the course of Islamic history.
🔍 Understanding Zaydis: A Moderate Branch of Shii Islam
Explore Zaydis, the moderate branch of Shii Islam that diverged in a succession dispute to favor Zayd ibn Ali, maintaining closer ties to Sunni Islam with its unique doctrines and practices.
🏹 The MAMLŪK (مملوك‎): Graceful Warriors & Slaves of History
Dive deep into the history, significance, and transformations of the Mamlūk (مملوك‎), a military class of slaves that shaped Egypt's destiny. Explore their cultural impact and legacy in Islamic and global history.
🕌 Islam in the Middle East: A Comprehensive Chronology 📜
Dive into the diverse practices, theological orientations, societal roles, and historical evolution of Islam in the Middle East, encompassing eras from its foundations to its modern transformation.
🗡️ The Gallant Life of Abu Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah 🌟: A Promised Companion in Islam
Delve into the inspiring life of Abu Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah, one of the ten companions of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ who were promised paradise. Discover his significant role in early Islamic leadership and military campaigns in Syria.
🛡️ The Undying Legacy of the Mamluks: Guardians of the Muslim World
Explore the Mamluks, slave soldiers turned rulers who commanded Egypt, Syria, and beyond from 1250 to 1517. Uncover their military exploits, governance, and influence in central Islamic history.
🦁 T̤ALḤAH: The Gallant Companion of the Prophet ﷺ
Discover T̤ALḤAH (طلحة‎), a distinguished Companion of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Learn about his remarkable life, valiant deeds, and unwavering faith that earned him a revered status in Islamic history. Understand the historical and cultural significance of this legendary figure.
🌟 Zaynab bint Jahsh: A Woman of Nobility and Faith
Delve into the life of Zaynab bint Jahsh, one of the revered wives of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Learn about her background, marriage to the Prophet (PBUH), and her significant role in Islamic history.
🌴 The Historic Province of YAMĀMAH (يمامة‎) in Islamic History 📜
Dive into the rich history of Yamāmah, a critical province in the eastern Ḥijāz, frequently mentioned in the chronicles of Prophet Muḥammad's life. Understand its historical, cultural, and religious significance.
💎 Unveiling the Mystery: The Sacred Black Stone (Al-Ḥajaru al-Aswad)
Discover the history, significance, and cultural nuances of Al-Ḥajaru al-Aswad, the revered black stone of the Kaʿbah in Makkah. Delve into its etymology, religious context, and intriguing anecdotes, shedding light on its spiritual and historical importance in Islam.
🕌 Unveiling ḤUJRAH: The Sacred Chamber of the Prophet Muḥammad
Journey into Ḥujrah, the Noble Chamber where the Prophet Muhammad, Abū Bakr, and ʿUmar rest. Understand its historical, cultural, and spiritual significance in Islamic tradition and dispel common myths.
🌟 AL-MADĪNAH (المدينة‎): The City of the Prophet 🌟
Dive into the rich history, significance, and cultural nuances of al-Madīnah, the revered city in Islam where Prophet Muhammad is buried, and learn about its evolution from Yas̤rib to the City of the Prophet.
🏰 The Seljuk Dynasty: Guardians of the East 🕌
Dive into the history and influence of the Seljuk Dynasty, a Turkic power that played a pivotal role in shaping the political, cultural, and religious landscape of the Middle East from the 11th to the 12th century.
🐘 Year of the Elephant: An Insightful Journey into Islamic History 🌙
Explore the significance and historical context of the 'Year of the Elephant,' traditionally believed to be the birth year of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Understand its cultural impacts across the Islamic world through a blend of scholarly input and fascinating anecdotes.
🕌 The Landmark of Faith: AL-ʿAQABAH (العقبة‎)
Discover the significance of Al-ʿAqabah, a historical locus in Islamic tradition. Learn about the first and second pledges made by early Muslims to the Prophet Muhammad and explore its enduring legacy.
⚔️ Malik ibn al-Harith al-Nakhai: A Warrior's Legacy
Discover the life of Malik ibn al-Harith al-Nakhai, known as Ashtar, a key commander under Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib. Understand his significant roles in the Battles of the Camel and Siffin, his opposition to the truce with Muawiyah, and his tragic end.
🌟 The Sacred City of Mecca: Epicenter of Islamic Faith
Delve into the significance of Mecca, the holiest city in Islam, its historical roots, cultural relevance, and its profound impact on the Muslim world.
🌳 The Enigma of AIKAH: Exploring the People of the Grove
Discover the mysterious Aṣḥābu ʾl-Aikah in Islamic tradition. Understand their place in Qurʾānic narratives, their rejection of Prophethood, and the lessons they impart in understanding divine justice and moral responsibility.
🏰 Grasping JĀGĪR (جاگير‎): Aristocratic Land Grants in Islamic History
Dive deep into the historical and sociopolitical concept of Jāgīr (جاگير‎), an intriguing element of land tenure under Muḥammadan governance. Understand its origins, conditions of assignment, revival under British rule, and its socio-cultural significance.
📜 Explore the Legacy of Al-Waqidi: Pioneer Historian of Early Islam
Delve into the life and contributions of Al-Waqidi, a prominent historian and judge in early Islamic history. Understand his role in documenting the military expeditions of the Prophet Muhammad and navigate the questions of authenticity surrounding his records.
🏞️ The Significance of JURF: A Historical Landmark in Islam
Dive into the rich history of JURF (جرف‎), a notable site near al-Madīnah, significant in Islamic history. Learn about its etymology, cultural relevance, and its place in the chronicles of Islam.
🤲 Discovering JUWAIRĪYAH (جويرية‎): The Fortunate Wife of the Prophet Muhammad
Explore the life and impact of JUWAIRĪYAH (جويرية‎), one of the Prophet Muhammad's wives. Learn about her personal history, cultural significance, and the legacy she left behind within Islamic history.
⚔️ Nadir Shah Afshar: The Conqueror of Persia 🏰
Explore the life and reign of Nadir Shah Afshar, founder of the Afsharid dynasty in Iran, his attempts to reconcile Sunnis and Shiis, and his eventual assassination.
⚔️ RĀFIʿ IBN K͟HADĪJ (رافع بن خديج‎): A Young Warrior Among the Ṣaḥābah
Explore the life of Rāfiʿ ibn K͟hadīj, a companion of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), who despite his young age, left a legacy of courage during the Battle of Uhud and garnered an assurance from the Prophet for the Day of Judgment.
⚔️ SAIFU ʾLLĀH (سيف الله‎): The Sword of God 🕌
Dive into the historical and religious significance of the title 'Saifu ʾllāh' (سيف الله‎), bestowed by the Prophet Muhammad upon the illustrious general Khalid ibn al-Walid. Explore its etymology, background, cultural nuances, and its revered legacy within Islamic tradition.
✨ Ruqayyah bint Husayn: A Symbol of Innocence and Suffering
Explore the life of Ruqayyah bint Husayn, the cherished daughter of Husayn ibn Ali. Learn about her legacy, her profound impact on Islamic history, and the significance of her shrine in Damascus for both Sunni and Shia Muslims.
🌍 Discovering Islam in Brunei: A Journey Through Faith and Culture
Uncover the deep roots of Islam in Brunei, exploring its history, influence, cultural significance, and how the nation's Islamic identity has shaped its development. Understand the blend of Shafii school, Malay customs, and historical milestones that define Brunei's Islamic journey.
🌍 Unveiling Sham: The Spiritual Roots and Cultural Riches of Syria 🕌
Delve into the historical and spiritual significance of Sham, the ancient Arabic name for Syria. Explore its multifaceted identity, archaeological marvels, and cultural contributions to Islamic civilization.
🌏 Exploring Islam in Southeast Asia: History, Influence, and Modern Dynamics
Dive into the nuanced history of how Islam found its foothold in Southeast Asia, its historical context, cultural impact, and contemporary presence across nations like Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand.
🌙 Muharram: 📅 The Sacred Month in Islam
Dive deep into Muharram, the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Understand its profound significance in Islamic tradition, especially its importance in Shia rituals, and explore the historical and cultural contexts that make this month unique.
🌟 AL-FĀT̤IMĪYAH (الفاطمية‎): The Radiant Fatimid Dynasty
Delve into the history of AL-FĀT̤IMĪYAH, an influential dynasty of caliphs who ruled over Egypt and North Africa. Explore the origins, conquests, cultural impacts, and the intricate interplay with rival dynasties and religions.
🌟 Exploring HĀSHIM (هاشم‎): The Ancestor of Prophet Muhammad 🕋
Dive into the life and legacy of Hāshim (هاشم‎), the great-grandfather of Prophet Muhammad, his significance, cultural context, and how he was renowned for his extraordinary hospitality.
🌟 Illuminating the Legacy of SAIYID (سيد‎): The Noble Descendants of Prophet Muhammad
Delve into the term 'Saiyid' which identifies the descendants of Prophet Muhammad through Fāt̤imah and ʿAlī. Uncover the cultural significance, historical backgrounds, and reverence associated with this esteemed lineage.
🌟 Talhah ibn Ubayd Allah al-Taymi: A Companion of the Prophet 🌿
Dive into the life of Talhah ibn Ubayd Allah al-Taymi, one of the ten companions promised paradise by the Prophet Muhammad. Explore his journey, his significant roles in early Islam, and his legacy.
🌟 TAMĪM (تميم‎): The Influential Arab Tribe
Discover the history and significance of the Tamīm tribe, an independent Arab tribe of Makkan origin, known for their valiant contributions during the battles of Makkah and Ḥunain.
🌟 Understanding MUHAMMAD: The Praised Prophet of Islam 🕌
Explore the life and significance of Muḥammad, the founder of Islam. Delve into his history, cultural differences, and impact on both religious and social aspects of life.
🌿 RAIḤĀNAH (ريحانة‎): A Legacy of Faith and Strength
Discover the powerful story of RAIḤĀNAH, a remarkable woman who played a significant role in Islamic history. Learn about her life, cultural impact, and the choices she made in the face of adversity.
👑 Khosrow: The Persian King and the 🕌 Islamic Invitation
Explore the historical and theological significance of Khosrow (Nausherwān), the Persian King to whom Prophet Muhammad sent a letter inviting him to Islam. Understand the cultural intersections and how this pivotal moment is remembered in Islamic history.
📖 QĀRIʾ (قارى‎): The Esteemed Reciters of the Qurʾān 🕌
Delve into the concept of Qāriʾ (قارى‎), a term used to describe scholars proficient in the correct recitation of the Qurʾān, and learn about the seven renowned Qurrāʾ in Islamic history.
📘 Ḥuzaifah ibn al-Yamān: The Eminent Companion
Discover the life and significance of Ḥuzaifah ibn al-Yamān, an eminent companion of Prophet Muhammad. Learn about his contributions, particularly in the recitation and compilation of the Qur'an, and explore his lasting legacy in Islamic history.
📚 Amin, Qasim: The Beacon of Women's Rights 💪
Discover the life, work, and impact of Qasim Amin, a pioneering figure in the fight for women's rights in early 20th century Egypt. Learn about his progressive ideas and the complex legacy he left in Egyptian and Arab culture.
📚 Bandali al-Jawzi: The Revolutionary Thinker of Islam
Delve into the life and contributions of Bandali al-Jawzi, a Palestinian intellectual who pioneered the Marxist interpretation of Islamic history. Learn about his critiques of Orientalism and his impactful work in reshaping the understanding of intellectual movements within Islam.
📚 Ibn Suleyman, Muhammad ibn Muhammad: A Polymath of Premodern Islamic Scholarship
Explore the life and contributions of Ibn Suleyman, Muhammad ibn Muhammad, a towering figure in premodern Islamic scholarship known for his extensive travels, profound erudition, and influential writings in various disciplines.
📜 Ibn al-Zubayr, Urwah: A Pioneer of Islamic Historical Study 🌟
Delve into the life of Urwah ibn al-Zubayr, a prominent member of the Quraysh tribe and a significant figure in the early Islamic scholarship. Explore his contributions to hadith collection, jurisprudence, and historical studies in Medina.
📜 IBN ʿUMAR: The Esteemed Companion of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
Explore the life and contributions of Ibn ʿUmar, the esteemed companion of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, delving into his role as a traditionist and his impact on Islamic history.
📜 The Life and Contributions of Ibn Aqil: The Rationalist Hanbali Jurist
Dive into the life, work, and legacy of Ibn Aqil, a significant Hanbali jurist renowned for his rationalist leanings and contributions to Islamic jurisprudence. Learn about his admiration for al-Hallaj, persecution, and his surviving works.
📜 Through Trials and Tribulation: The Rawzah Khani and Its Timeless Significance
Explore the Rawzah Khani, eloquent narrative accounts recounting Imam Husayn's martyrdom, and the cultural practice of remembrance in Shia Islam. Understand its roots in history and spiritual resonance across the Muslim world.
🔍 Delving into Sectarianism: Unity & Division in Islam 🕌
Understand the roots, history, and impacts of sectarianism within Islam. Explore how different sects like Sunni, Shii, Kharijis, and more emerged and their influence on the Islamic world throughout history.
🔍 The Martyrs of BIʾR MAʿŪNAH: A Journey into Islamic History 🕌
Dive into the tale of the Well of Maʿūnah, a poignant episode in early Islamic history. Understand the significance of this event and its martyrs in Islamic theology and history, comparing it with other historical tragedies.
🔍 The Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire: A Historical Examination
Discover the extensive and influential history of the Ottoman Empire, a vast state that spanned from southeastern Europe to North Africa. Explore its social, cultural, and political complexities.
🔍 The Treatment and Emancipation of Slaves in Islam: Insights from the Traditions of Muḥammad
Explore historical and theological perspectives on the treatment and emancipation of slaves from the teachings and traditions of Prophet Muḥammad. Understand the socio-religious context and its ethical implications for Muslims.
🔍 Understanding SALAF: A Glimpse into the 🔮 Pious Ancestors
Explore the term Salaf, which refers to the first three generations of the Muslim community regarded as exemplary models. Learn about its significance, historical background, and influence over contemporary Islamic movements.
🔍 Unraveling K͟HUZAIMAH: The 🐪 Arabian Tribe and its Historical Role
Dive deep into the history and significance of the K͟huzaimah tribe, their displacement, and influential role in the Ḥijāz region, especially in the context of their opposition to the Prophet Muḥammad's army.
🔍 Unveiling RĀFIẒĪ (رافضى‎): The Narrative of Desertion and Loyalty
Delve into the historical and religious connotations of 'Rāfiẓī' in Islamic tradition. Learn about its origins, significance among Shīʿah sects, and its usage in contemporary Islamic discourse.
🙌 Understanding Amina bint Wahab: The Mother of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ 🕌
Explore the life and significance of Amina bint Wahab, the revered mother of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Discover historical facts, etymology, and cultural impact of her story in Islamic tradition.

Islamic Terms Lexicon is your ultimate resource for understanding the vast and intricate world of Islamic doctrines, rites, ceremonies, customs, and technical & theological terms. Our comprehensive dictionary provides thousands of terms in both English and Arabic, each with detailed definitions, authoritative references, and quizzes designed to sharpen your understanding and enhance your learning experience.

Amina Al-Fahad Ibrahim Al-Hakim Ibrahim Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Hassan Hassan Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Hassan Fatima Al-Zahra Yusuf Al-Hakim Layla Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Mansur Layla Hassan Zainab Al-Rashid Fatima Zahra Layla Al-Hassan Zayd Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Yusuf Layla Hasan Yusuf Al-Mahdi Yusuf Al-Rashid Dr. Layla Hassan Fatima Al-Husseini Harun Al-Rashid Ibrahim Malik Layla Ahmed Mustafa Al-Hakim Ahmad Al-Rashid Hakim Al-Rashid Hasan Al-Rashid Hassan Al-Hakim Hassan Al-Tamimi Ibrahim Al-Hakeem Ibrahim Al-Hashimi Ibrahim Al-Hussein Ibrahim Al-Karim Ibrahim Al-Khalil Ibrahim Al-Yazid Ibrahim Mustafa Khalid Al-Mansoor Omar Al-Hakim Omar Al-Rashid Samira Al-Hakim Tariq Al-Hakim Yusuf Al-Mansur Zainab Malik Zaynab Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Hussein Ahmad Al-Hakim Fatima Ahmed Fatima Al-Husayni Fatima Al-Hussein Fatima Al-Mansouri Fatima El-Amin Fatima El-Sayed Fatima Rahman Fatima Rahmani Fatima Siddiqui Fatimah Al-Rashid Fatimah Zahra Hassan Al-Mansur Hassan Al-Razi Ibrahim Al-Husseini Ibrahim Al-Khatib Ibrahim Al-Mahdi Ibrahim Al-Mansoor Ibrahim Al-Mansour Ibrahim Al-Mansouri Ibrahim Al-Najjar Ibrahim Hassan Ibrahim Khalid Ibrahim Suleiman Khalid Al-Rashid Layla Al-Hakim Layla Al-Hashimi Layla Al-Mansoori Layla Al-Mansouri Layla Mahmoud Layla Mustafa Layla Rahman Tariq Al-Mansur Yasmin Al-Hassan Yasmin Al-Rashid Yusuf Al-Mansoor Yusuf Ibn Khalid Zara Ahmed Zaynab Hassan Ahmed Al-Hakim Aisha Ahmed Aisha Al-Hassan Aisha Rahman Aliyah Rahman Farah Al-Zahra Fatima Al-Habib Fatima Al-Hariri Fatima Al-Hassani Fatima Al-Mahmoud Fatima Al-Najjar Fatima Al-Qadri Fatima Anwar