⚔️ Exploring Timar: The Ottoman Land Grant System
Delve into the Timar system of the Ottoman Empire, a land-grant framework awarding free cavalrymen the right to collect taxes in exchange for military service. Learn about its origins, transformation, and historical significance.
🌱 Bunyad: The Bedrock of Iranian Society Post-Revolution 🕌
An in-depth look into Bunyad, the Persian term for grassroots organizations that have significantly shaped Iran post-1979 revolution. Uncover their roles in social services, trade, manufacturing, and more.
💰 Understanding Taxation in Islam: Zakah, Jizyah, and Kharaj Demystified
Dive into the complex yet spiritually significant layering of Islamic taxation. Explore zakah, jizyah, and kharaj and their roles in religious, social, and economic fabrics of Muslim societies.
💱 Understanding DAIN (دين‎): The Concept of Debt in Islam
Explore the term DAIN (دين‎) in Islam, referring to debt with a specific repayment term. Understand its significance in Islamic jurisprudence compared to qarẓ (loan without a fixed term).
💱 Understanding Kharāj (خراج‎): The Land Tax in Islamic History
Explore the historical and contemporary significance of Kharāj, an Islamic land tax. Learn how this concept connects to socio-economic policies of various Islamic states and its influence on modern fiscal systems.
🛍️ Understanding BIẒĀʿAH (بضاعة‎): The Concept of Trust in Islamic Trade
Delve into the concept of Biẓāʿah in Islamic commerce, understanding its roots, cultural importance, and distinctive features that make it an essential part of mercantile practices among Muslims.

Islamic Terms Lexicon is your ultimate resource for understanding the vast and intricate world of Islamic doctrines, rites, ceremonies, customs, and technical & theological terms. Our comprehensive dictionary provides thousands of terms in both English and Arabic, each with detailed definitions, authoritative references, and quizzes designed to sharpen your understanding and enhance your learning experience.

Amina Al-Fahad Ibrahim Al-Hakim Ibrahim Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Hassan Hassan Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Hassan Fatima Al-Zahra Yusuf Al-Hakim Layla Al-Rashid Fatima Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Mansur Layla Hassan Zainab Al-Rashid Fatima Zahra Layla Al-Hassan Zayd Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Rashid Ibrahim Al-Yusuf Layla Hasan Yusuf Al-Mahdi Yusuf Al-Rashid Dr. Layla Hassan Fatima Al-Husseini Harun Al-Rashid Ibrahim Malik Layla Ahmed Mustafa Al-Hakim Ahmad Al-Rashid Hakim Al-Rashid Hasan Al-Rashid Hassan Al-Hakim Hassan Al-Tamimi Ibrahim Al-Hakeem Ibrahim Al-Hashimi Ibrahim Al-Hussein Ibrahim Al-Karim Ibrahim Al-Khalil Ibrahim Al-Yazid Ibrahim Mustafa Khalid Al-Mansoor Omar Al-Hakim Omar Al-Rashid Samira Al-Hakim Tariq Al-Hakim Yusuf Al-Mansur Zainab Malik Zaynab Al-Hakim Zaynab Al-Hussein Ahmad Al-Hakim Fatima Ahmed Fatima Al-Husayni Fatima Al-Hussein Fatima Al-Mansouri Fatima El-Amin Fatima El-Sayed Fatima Rahman Fatima Rahmani Fatima Siddiqui Fatimah Al-Rashid Fatimah Zahra Hassan Al-Mansur Hassan Al-Razi Ibrahim Al-Husseini Ibrahim Al-Khatib Ibrahim Al-Mahdi Ibrahim Al-Mansoor Ibrahim Al-Mansour Ibrahim Al-Mansouri Ibrahim Al-Najjar Ibrahim Hassan Ibrahim Khalid Ibrahim Suleiman Khalid Al-Rashid Layla Al-Hakim Layla Al-Hashimi Layla Al-Mansoori Layla Al-Mansouri Layla Mahmoud Layla Mustafa Layla Rahman Tariq Al-Mansur Yasmin Al-Hassan Yasmin Al-Rashid Yusuf Al-Mansoor Yusuf Ibn Khalid Zara Ahmed Zaynab Hassan Ahmed Al-Hakim Aisha Ahmed Aisha Al-Hassan Aisha Rahman Aliyah Rahman Farah Al-Zahra Fatima Al-Habib Fatima Al-Hariri Fatima Al-Hassani Fatima Al-Mahmoud Fatima Al-Najjar Fatima Al-Qadri Fatima Anwar